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Semi-automatic Segmentation of Multiple Sclerosis Lesion Based Active Contours Model and Variational Dirichlet Process

Foued Derraz1, Laurent Peyrodie2, Antonio PINTI3, Abdelmalik Taleb-Ahmed3, Azzeddine Chikh4, Patrick Hautecoeur5
Faculté Libre de Médecine, F-59000 Lille, France
Hautes Etudes d’Ingénieur, LAGIS (FRE CNRS 3303), 59650 Villeneuve d’ascq, France
LAMIH (FRE CNRS 3304), Université de Valenciennes, F-59313 Valenciennes, France
Genie Biomedical Lab, Abou Bekr Belkaid University, Tlemcen,13000, Algeria
Groupe Hospitalier de l’Institut Catholique Lillois, Univ Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2010, 67(2), 95-118. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2010.067.095

Abstract

We propose a new semi-automatic segmentation based Active Contour Model and statistic prior knowledge of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Lesions in Regions Of Interest (RIO) within brain Magnetic Resonance Images(MRI). Reliable segmentation of MS lesion is important for at least three types of practical applications: pharmaceutical trails, making decision for drug treatment, patient follow-up. Manual segmentation of the MS lesions in brain MRI by well qualified experts is usually preferred. However, manual segmentation is hard to reproduce and can be highly cost and time consuming in the presence of large volume of MRI data. In other hand, automated segmentation methods are significantly faster yielding reproducible results. However, these methods generally produced segmentation results that agree only partially with the ground truth segmentation provided by the expert. In this paper, we propose a new semi-automatic segmentation based Active Contour model for MS lesion that combines expert knowledge with a low computational cost to produce more reliable MS segmentation results. In particular, the user selects coarse RIO that encloses potential MS lesions and a sufficient background of the healthy White Matter tissues (WM). Having this two class statistic properties, we propose to extract texture features corresponding to health and MS lesion. The results draw showed a significant improvement of the proposed model.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis, Active Contours, Variational Dirichlet prior, Appearance priors, Level-set, Segmentation evaluation

Cite This Article

Derraz, F., Peyrodie, L., PINTI, A., Taleb-Ahmed, A., Chikh, A. et al. (2010). Semi-automatic Segmentation of Multiple Sclerosis Lesion Based Active Contours Model and Variational Dirichlet Process. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 67(2), 95–118.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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