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Ale Formulation with Explosive Mass Scaling for Blast Loading: Experimental and Numerical Investigation

Souli M.1, Bouamoul A.2, Nguyen-Dang T.V.3

Université de Lille1, Laboratoire de Mécanique de Lille, UMR CNRS 8107
Defence Research and Development Canada - Valcartier Québec, Qc G3J 1X5.
Université Laval, Québec, Qc, Canada

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2012, 86(5), 469-486.


Protection of military vehicles against blast mine and high explosive in air is of a great concern in defence industry. Anti-Vehicle (AV) mines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IED's) are capable of inflecting damage to heavy vehicles. For the last decades, numerical simulation of blast wave propagation and its interaction with surrounding structures becomes more and more the focus of computational engineering, since experimental tests are very expensive and time consuming. This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of blast wave propagation in air, using an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) multi-material formulation developed in LS-DYNA with the contribution of the first author. To accurately capture peak pressure values of the shock wave, a very fine mesh, in the explosive material and the surrounding air mesh, is needed. For three dimensional problems, this condition leads to large size problems that can be CPU time consuming and not appropriate to run several times for engineering design purposes and structure analysis to resist blast loading. In order to calibrate numerical models to experimental data, using reasonable fine mesh, explosive masse scaling is used in this paper. Good correlations in terms of pressure and impulse between numerical results and experimental data were obtained when using the right combination of solution parameters and multiplying the explosive mass by an appropriate scaling factor. This procedure is commonly used in defence industry for structural design and to avoid running large scale problems.

Cite This Article

M., S., A., B., T.V., N. (2012). Ale Formulation with Explosive Mass Scaling for Blast Loading: Experimental and Numerical Investigation. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 86(5), 469–486.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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