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Analogy Between Rotating Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko Beams and Stiff Strings

A.S Vinod Kumar, Ranjan Ganguli2

Department of Aerospace Engineering; e-mail:
Corresponding author: Professor, Address: Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India; phone: 91-80-2293-3017; fax: 91-80-2360-0134; e-mail:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2012, 88(6), 443-474.


The governing differential equation of a rotating beam becomes the stiff-string equation if we assume uniform tension. We find the tension in the stiff string which yields the same frequency as a rotating cantilever beam with a prescribed rotating speed and identical uniform mass and stiffness. This tension varies for different modes and are found by solving a transcendental equation using bisection method. We also find the location along the rotating beam where equivalent constant tension for the stiff string acts for a given mode. Both Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko beams are considered for numerical results. The results provide physical insight into relation between rotating beams and stiff string which are useful for creating basis functions for approximate methods in vibration analysis of rotating beams.


Cite This Article

Kumar, A. V., Ganguli, R. (2012). Analogy Between Rotating Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko Beams and Stiff Strings. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 88(6), 443–474.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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