Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

Hybrid Simulation and Observation of Human Vertebral Endplate Morphology

É. Budyn1, A. Bilagi2, V. Subramanian3, A.A. Espinoza Orías4, N. Inoue4
Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan, 61 Avenue du President Wilson, 94230 Cachan, France; University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 842 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA, elisa.budyn@ens-cachan.fr
University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 842 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.
University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Kinesiology, 1408 Walker Avenue, Greensboro, NC 27412, USA.
Rush University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 1611 West Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2014, 98(3), 341-374. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2014.098.341

Abstract

Focal damage such as cartilaginous defects, erosions, micro-fractures, Schmorl nodes and thinning in the human vertebral endplate are thought to contribute to intervertebral disc degeneration by compromising the nutrition transport between the vertebral bone marrow and the disc nucleus pulposus. However, microfractures in the endplate are currently not detectable by conventional clinical radiographic methods. Nonetheless high quality visualisation of the human endplate is possible by means of advanced light microscopy and appropriate staining. The objective of this study focuses on efficient and inexpensive multi-scale protocols to prepare the surfaces of human endplate specimens for morphometric characterisations at the tissue and at the cell levels. Human vertebral endplate surfaces were observed under reflected and transmission light microscopy in the coronal, sagittal and transverse orientations. The observations were coupled to the relevant histological staining procedures for undecalcified and decalcified tissue samples to identify the following three regions: the intervertebral disc, the intervertebral cartilaginous and bony endplate, the subchondral and trabecular bone. At the tissue level, qualitative tissue identification based on relative stiffness was performed by nanoindentation. The mean±SD intervertebral endplate thickness was found to be 432.9±89.3 µm. At the cell level, a Fast Fourier Transform algorithm made it also possible to measure the orientation of chondrocytes in the cartilaginous endplate.

Keywords

Intervertebral endplate, reflection light microscopy, transmission light microscopy, micro-damage, aging.

Cite This Article

Budyn, ., Bilagi, A., Subramanian, V., Orías, A. E., Inoue, N. (2014). Hybrid Simulation and Observation of Human Vertebral Endplate Morphology. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 98(3), 341–374.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 753

    View

  • 565

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Related articles

Share Link

WeChat scan