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Educational intervention for improving the appropriateness of transthoracic echocardiograms ordered by pediatric cardiologists

Ritu Sachdeva1, Pamela S. Douglas2, Michael S. Kelleman1, Courtney E. McCracken1, Leo Lopez3, Kenan W.D. Stern4, Benjamin W. Eidem5, Oscar J. Benavidez6, Rory B. Weiner6, Elizabeth Welch3, Robert M. Campbell1, Wyman W. Lai7

1 Emory University School of Medicine and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta Sibley Heart Center Cardiology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
2 Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
3 Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, Miami, Florida, USA
4 Children’s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, New York, USA
5 Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
6 Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
7 NewYork-Presbyterian, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital, New York, New York, USA

* Corresponding Author: Ritu Sachdeva, Emory University, 1405 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2017, 12(3), 373-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12455

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of educational intervention (EI) in the Pediatric Appropriate Use of Echocardiography (PAUSE) study to improve appropriateness of transthoracic echocardiograms (TTEs) ordered in pediatric cardiology clinics.
Design: Data were prospectively collected after the publication of the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) document during 2 phases: the pre-EI phase (1/1/15 to 4/30/15) and the post-EI phase (7/ 1/15 to 10/30/15). Pre-EI, site-investigators (SI) determined AUC indications, by reviewing the clinic records. Post-EI, providers assigned indications prior to obtaining TTE.
Setting: Pediatric cardiology clinics at six centers.
Patients: Those ≤18 years old, receiving initial outpatient TTE.
Interventions: EI included (i) sharing the pre-EI appropriateness ratings with providers, (ii) lecture on AUC, (iii) providers self-assigning indications, and (iv) monthly e-mail feedback by SI to individual providers.
Outcome: The primary outcome measure was a change in the proportion of studies for indications rated R following EI.
Results: Of the 4542 TTEs (1907 pre-EI, 2635 post-EI) ordered by 90 physicians, overall comparison of appropriateness ratings before and after EI showed an increase in Appropriate (72.5%–76.2%, P = .004), no change in May Be Appropriate, and a decline in Rarely Appropriate (R) from 9.6% to 7.4%, P = .008. Following EI, a significant decline in R was observed only in three centers and EI did not affect the variation in TTEs ordered for R indications among physicians (P = .467). Physicians with the highest proportion of TTEs ordered for R before EI, showed the most significant decline in R.
Conclusions: Appropriateness of pediatric outpatient TTE varies substantially by center. A customized EI resulted in modest improvement in the appropriateness of TTEs in the PAUSE study, with an increase in Appropriate and a decrease in R TTEs. Multifaceted EIs are required to improve adherence to national standards such as AUC.

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APA Style
Sachdeva, R., Douglas, P.S., Kelleman, M.S., McCracken, C.E., Lopez, L. et al. (2017). Educational intervention for improving the appropriateness of transthoracic echocardiograms ordered by pediatric cardiologists. Congenital Heart Disease, 12(3), 373-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12455
Vancouver Style
Sachdeva R, Douglas PS, Kelleman MS, McCracken CE, Lopez L, Stern KW, et al. Educational intervention for improving the appropriateness of transthoracic echocardiograms ordered by pediatric cardiologists. Congeni Heart Dis. 2017;12(3):373-381 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12455
IEEE Style
R. Sachdeva et al., "Educational intervention for improving the appropriateness of transthoracic echocardiograms ordered by pediatric cardiologists," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 373-381. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12455



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