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Time course of the changes in right and left ventricle function and associated factors after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects

Byung W. Yoo1, Jung O. Kim2, Lucy Y. Eun2, Jae Y. Choi2, Dong S. Kim3
1 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Clinical Trial Center, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3 Department of Pediatrics, Severance Children’s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Lucy Youngmin Eun, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Email:

Congenital Heart Disease 2018, 13(1), 131-139. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12541

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle (LV) function after transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure and to assess the influence of the age and the amount of shunt.
Design: Retrospective study
Patients: Fifty-three adult patients who underwent transcatheter closure were enrolled, then divided into subgroups according to the age (< 40 years vs ≥ 40 years), and the amount of shunt flow (QpQs < 2.5 vs QpQs ≥ 2.5).
Outcome Measures: Two-dimensional tissue Doppler imaging was performed in a four-chamber view at the basal ventricular septum (VS) and tricuspid valve annulus (TVA) before and at 1 month and 6 months after closure. Myocardial velocities, the myocardial performance index (MPI), and isovolumic acceleration (IVA) were assessed.
Results: At the TVA, the MPI decreased slightly and then greatly increased at 6 months after closure (P = .002). The IVA improved in all patients (P< .001), and the E0/A0 ratio decreased, especially in the old age group (P = .031) and larger shunt group (P = .035). At the VS, S0 and the IVA decreased and had not recovered until 6 months in the old age (P = .02) and larger shunt (P = .02). The Qp/Qs showed a significant reverse correlation with a decrease in the E0/A0 at the TVA (r = -0.37, P = .008), and age of patient was correlated with a decrease in the IVA at the VS (r = -0.32, P = .019). The age at closure (β = -0.36, P = .002), the Qp/Qs ratio (β = -0.45, P = .01), and RV MPI changes (β = -7.64, P < .001) were found to be associated factors with IVA decrease at the VS.
Conclusions: After ASD closure, RV global function might be impaired. In elderly patients and patients with a large shunt, impairment of LV contractility developed until 6 months after closure. Close long-term observation is required after closure, especially in old-age patients with a large shunt.

Keywords

atrial septal defect, isovolumic acceleration, myocardial performance index, tissue Doppler imaging, ventricular function

Cite This Article

Yoo, B. W., Kim, J. O., Eun, L. Y., Choi, J. Y., Kim, D. S. (2018). Time course of the changes in right and left ventricle function and associated factors after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects. Congenital Heart Disease, 13(1), 131–139.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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