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Reintervention following stage 1 palliation: A report from the NPC‐QIC Registry

Matthew W. Buelow1,2, Nancy Rudd1, Jena Tanem1, Pippa Simpson3, Peter Bartz1,2, Garick Hill4

1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
2 Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
3 Department of Biostatistics and Quantitative Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
4 The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

* Corresponding Author: Matthew W. Buelow, Division of Cardiology Medical College of Wisconsin, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, 8915 W. Connell Ct Milwaukee, WI 53226. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2018, 13(6), 919-926. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12655

Abstract

Background: Single ventricle heart disease with aortic arch hypoplasia has high mor‐ bidity and mortality, with the greatest risk after stage 1 palliation. Residual lesions often require catheter‐based or surgical reintervention to minimize risk. We sought to describe the types, frequency, and risk factors for re‐intervention between stage 1 and stage 2 palliation, utilizing the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPC‐QIC) registry.
Methods: The NPC‐QIC registry, consisting of patients discharged after stage 1 pal‐ liation, was queried. Hybrid stage 1 palliation patients were excluded from this study. The primary risk factor was shunt type and the primary outcome was re‐intervention.
Results: Of 1156 patients, (50%) had re‐intervention. There was no difference in total rate of re‐intervention by shunt type (BT shunt 52% vs. RVPA shunt 48%; P = .17). Patients with a BT shunt had increased re‐intervention during stage 1 hospi‐ talization (P =.002). During the interstage period, following discharge from stage 1 palliation, patients with a BT shunt had increased aortic arch re‐intervention (P < .005), while patients with an RVPA shunt had increased re‐intervention on the shunt and the pulmonary arteries (P = .02). Postoperative mechanical ventilation >14 d (P < .01) was the only risk factor associated with re‐intervention by multivariable analysis, regardless of shunt type.
Conclusions: Re‐intervention between stage I and stage 2 palliation is common. There is no difference in cumulative frequency of re‐intervention between shunt types, though types and timing of re‐intervention varied between shunt types. Longitudinal assessment of the NPC‐QIC database is important to identify long term outcomes of patients requiring re‐intervention.

Cite This Article

APA Style
Buelow, M.W., Rudd, N., Tanem, J., Simpson, P., Bartz, P. et al. (2018). Reintervention following stage 1 palliation: A report from the NPC‐QIC registry. Congenital Heart Disease, 13(6), 919-926. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12655
Vancouver Style
Buelow MW, Rudd N, Tanem J, Simpson P, Bartz P, Hill G. Reintervention following stage 1 palliation: A report from the NPC‐QIC registry. Congeni Heart Dis. 2018;13(6):919-926 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12655
IEEE Style
M.W. Buelow, N. Rudd, J. Tanem, P. Simpson, P. Bartz, and G. Hill "Reintervention following stage 1 palliation: A report from the NPC‐QIC Registry," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 919-926. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12655



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