Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

Efficiency of the home cardiac rehabilitation program for adults with complex congenital heart disease

Adikan Bhasipol1, Nopawan Sanjaroensuttikul2, Prapaporn Pornsuriyasak3, Sukit Yamwong1, Tarinee Tangcharoen1

1 Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
3 Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

* Corresponding Author:Tarinee Tangcharoen MD, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand (email).

Congenital Heart Disease 2018, 13(6), 952-958. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12659

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to study the efficiency and safety of once‐a‐week outpatient rehabilitation followed by home program with tele‐monitoring in patients with com‐ plex cyanotic congenital heart disease.
Design: Prospective nonrandomized study.
Method: Patients who have been diagnosed either Eisenmenger’s syndrome or inop‐ erable complex cyanotic heart disease and able to attend 12‐week cardiac rehabilita‐ tion program were included. Training with treadmill walking and bicycling under supervision at cardiac rehabilitation unit once‐a‐week in the first 6 weeks followed by home‐based exercise program (bicycle and walking) with a target at 40%‐70% of maximum heart rate (HRmax) at pretraining peak exercise for another 6 weeks was performed in the intervention group. Video and telephone calls were scheduled for evaluation of compliance and complication. Data from cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) on cycle ergometry including peak oxygen consumption (peakVO2), oxygen pulse (O2 pulse), ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (VE/CO2 at an‐ aerobic threshold), constant work‐rate endurance time (CWRET) at 75% of peak VO2, and 6‐minute walk distance (6MWD) were compared between baseline and after training by paired t test.
Result: Of the 400 patients in our adult congenital heart disease clinic, 60 patients met the inclusion criteria. Eleven patients who could follow program regularly were assigned home program. There was a statistically significant improvement of CWRET, O₂ pulse, and 6MWD after finishing the program (P = .003, .039, and .001, respec‐ tively). The mean difference of 6MWD change in the home‐program group was sig‐ nificantly higher than in the control group (69.3 ± 47.9 meters vs. 4.1 ± 43.4 meters, P = .003). No serious adverse outcomes were reported during home training.
Conclusion: Once‐a‐week outpatient hospital‐based exercise program followed by supervised home‐based exercise program showed a significant benefit in improve‐ ment of exercise capacity in adults with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease without serious adverse outcomes.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Bhasipol, A., Sanjaroensuttikul, N., Pornsuriyasak, P., Yamwong, S., Tangcharoen, T. (2018). Efficiency of the home cardiac rehabilitation program for adults with complex congenital heart disease. Congenital Heart Disease, 13(6), 952-958. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12659
Vancouver Style
Bhasipol A, Sanjaroensuttikul N, Pornsuriyasak P, Yamwong S, Tangcharoen T. Efficiency of the home cardiac rehabilitation program for adults with complex congenital heart disease. Congeni Heart Dis. 2018;13(6):952-958 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12659
IEEE Style
A. Bhasipol, N. Sanjaroensuttikul, P. Pornsuriyasak, S. Yamwong, and T. Tangcharoen "Efficiency of the home cardiac rehabilitation program for adults with complex congenital heart disease," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 952-958. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12659



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1243

    View

  • 907

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link