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Racial disparities in clinic follow‐up early in life among survivors of congenital heart disease

Jamie L. Jackson1, Jennifer Morack2, Millie Harris2, Jennifer DeSalvo3, Curt J. Daniels4, Deena J. Chisolm2

1 Center for Biobehavioral Health, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio
2 Center for Innovation in Pediatric Practice, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio
3 College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
4 Columbus Ohio Adult Congenital Heart Disease Program, The Heart Center, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

* Corresponding Author: Jamie L. Jackson, PhD, Center for Biobehavioral Health, Nationwide Children’s Hospital, 700 Children’s Drive, Faculty Office Building, Third Floor, Columbus, OH 43205. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2019, 14(2), 305-310. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12732

Abstract

Objective: The current study aims to identify the rates of lapses in care and loss to follow‐up before age one through age five for white and nonwhite congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors. Nonwhite CHD survivors were hypothesized to experience an earlier lapse in care and be lost to follow‐up than whites.
Design: Patients were from a large pediatric hospital and had (1) at least one outpa‐ tient cardiology clinic visit or cardiac surgery visit before the age of one and (2) a di‐ agnosis of moderate or complex structural CHD. Cardiology outpatient utilization rates were tracked from before age one through age five. Lapse in follow‐up was defined as not having at least one outpatient cardiology visit per year, and loss to fol‐ low‐up was not returning after a lapse in care by age five. Race was categorized as white and nonwhite. Covariates included sex, insurance type, noncardiology inpa‐ tient and outpatient hospital utilization, and CHD severity.
Results: The sample included 1034 patients. Overall, 75.7% experienced a lapse in care with only 41.6% of those returning by age five. Nonwhites experienced lapses in care at younger ages than whites. Nonwhites had a 53% increased risk of lapse in care. Medicaid patients and those with moderate CHD diagnoses also had an in‐ creased risk for lapse in care.
Conclusions: Lapse in care appears prevalent among CHD survivors by age five, with nonwhites demonstrating elevated risk. Future multisite prospective studies should include the assessment of parental knowledge, barriers to accessing care, and satis‐ faction with care.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Jackson, J.L., Morack, J., Harris, M., DeSalvo, J., Daniels, C.J. et al. (2019). Racial disparities in clinic follow‐up early in life among survivors of congenital heart disease. Congenital Heart Disease, 14(2), 305-310. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12732
Vancouver Style
Jackson JL, Morack J, Harris M, DeSalvo J, Daniels CJ, Chisolm DJ. Racial disparities in clinic follow‐up early in life among survivors of congenital heart disease. Congeni Heart Dis. 2019;14(2):305-310 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12732
IEEE Style
J.L. Jackson, J. Morack, M. Harris, J. DeSalvo, C.J. Daniels, and D.J. Chisolm "Racial disparities in clinic follow‐up early in life among survivors of congenital heart disease," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 305-310. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12732



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