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Do we have the ACHD physician resources we need to care for the burgeoning ACHD population?

Fatima M. Ezzeddine1, Tabitha Moe2, Georges Ephrem3, William Aaron Kay3
1 Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana
2 Department of Cardiology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, Arizona
3 Indiana University School of Medicine, Krannert Institute of Cardiology and Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Indianapolis, Indiana
* Corresponding Author: Fatima M. Ezzeddine, MD, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN. Email:

Congenital Heart Disease 2019, 14(4), 511-516. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12771

Abstract

Background: Delivery of care to the adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) popula‐ tion has been limited by a shortage in the ACHD physician resources. There is limited data regarding the adequacy of the ACHD physician resources in the United States and our population estimates are extrapolated from Canadian data. Therefore, we proposed to evaluate the adequacy of ACHD physician: patient ratios in the United States at both national and regional levels.
Methods: Data from the Adult Congenital Heart Association (ACHA) website along with metropolitan area and statewide population data from 2016 US Census Bureau estimates were analyzed. Physicians listed on the ACHA website were cross‐refer‐ enced with ABIM to verify ACHD board certification status.
Results: There are 115 self‐identified ACHD programs and 418 self‐identified ACHD physicians listed in the ACHA website. There are 320 board‐certified ACHD cardiolo‐ gists in the United States today, including 161 not listed in the ACHA website. Regarding ratios of ACHD‐certified physicians to patients, the best served metro‐ politan statistical area (MSA) is Raleigh‐Cary, NC, and the worst served MSA is Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA. The best served State is Washington, DC, and the worst served State is Indiana.
Conclusions: The ACHD population continues to grow, and the looming national phy‐ sician shortage is likely to greatly affect the ability to meet the complex needs of this growing population. In order to bring the ACHD patient: physician ratio to 1000:1, a minimum of 170 additional ACHD board‐certified physicians are needed now.

Keywords

congenital heart disease, physician, program, United States

Cite This Article

Ezzeddine, F. M., Moe, T., Ephrem, G., Kay, W. A. (2019). Do we have the ACHD physician resources we need to care for the burgeoning ACHD population?. Congenital Heart Disease, 14(4), 511–516.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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