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Delivery Outcomes in Non-Tertiary Referral Centers for Women with Congenital Heart Disease

Daniel Sweeney1, Scott Cohen2,3, Salil Ginde2,3, Jennifer Gerardin2,3, Peter Bartz2,3, Matthew Buelow2,3,*

1 Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
2 Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA

* Corresponding Author: Matthew Buelow. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2023, 18(3), 315-323. https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.027349

Abstract

Background: Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) have increased risk for adverse events during pregnancy and delivery. Prior studies have assessed pregnancy and delivery outcomes at tertiary referral centers (TRC). The aim of our study was to assess pregnancy outcomes in women with CHD who deliver in a non-tertiary referral center (non-TRC). Methods: Clinical demographics were collected, including anatomic complexity, physiologic state and pre-pregnancy risk assessment. Patients were stratified by delivery location, either TRC or non-TRC. Maternal and neonatal complications of pregnancy were reported. Results: Women with CHD who delivered in a TRC had a higher pre-pregnancy risk when assessed by the Zahar and CARPREG-II scores, and had more patients fall into a higher WHO classification. There was no difference in rates of maternal cardiac complications between delivery locations (11%) and neonatal complications (20%) between deliveries at TRC and non-TRC. Conclusions: There were not increased maternal cardiac or neonatal complications when delivery occurred at a non-TRC. Neonatal complications remained high regardless of delivery location. This study suggests that proper risk assessment may help identify women who are candidates for safe delivery at non-TRC in women with CHD, and that neonatal resources should be considered when planning delivery location.

Graphical Abstract

Delivery Outcomes in Non-Tertiary Referral Centers for Women with Congenital Heart Disease

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APA Style
Sweeney, D., Cohen, S., Ginde, S., Gerardin, J., Bartz, P. et al. (2023). Delivery outcomes in non-tertiary referral centers for women with congenital heart disease. Congenital Heart Disease, 18(3), 315-323. https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.027349
Vancouver Style
Sweeney D, Cohen S, Ginde S, Gerardin J, Bartz P, Buelow M. Delivery outcomes in non-tertiary referral centers for women with congenital heart disease. Congeni Heart Dis. 2023;18(3):315-323 https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.027349
IEEE Style
D. Sweeney, S. Cohen, S. Ginde, J. Gerardin, P. Bartz, and M. Buelow "Delivery Outcomes in Non-Tertiary Referral Centers for Women with Congenital Heart Disease," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 315-323. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.027349



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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