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Minor Pressure Differences within the Fontan-Anastomosis in Patients with Total Cavopulmonary Connection by 4D-Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Nerejda Shehu1,*, Christian Meierhofer1, Anja Hennemuth2,3, Markus Hüllebrand2,3, Pavlo Yevtushenko3, Peter Ewert1, Stefan Martinoff4, Heiko Stern1

1 Department of Congenital Heart Disease and Pediatric Cardiology, German Heart Center Munich, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
2 Fraunhofer Institute for Digital Medicine—MEVIS, Berlin, Germany
3 Institute for Cardiovascular Computer-Assisted Medicine, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany
4 Department of Radiology, German Heart Center Munich, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany

* Corresponding Author: Nerejda Shehu. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2023, 18(4), 461-474. https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.031075

Abstract

Background: Pressure measurement in total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) patients is a domain of cardiac catheterization. 4D velocity encoded cardiovascular magnetic resonance (4D–flow MRI) offers an alternative for assessment of even minor pressure differences. The scope of this study was to measure even minor pressure differences in the anastomosis of TCPC patients, who are clinically uncompromised. Methods: Twenty-four patients (median 15 years [8;34]) with TCPC were studied prospectively by 4D-flow MRI. Pressure differences between superior vena cava (SVC) and extracardiac conduit (C) to both right pulmonary artery (RPA) and left pulmonary artery (LPA) were assessed. Small fluid obstructions as vortices within the anastxomosis were detected by flow pathlines from 4D-flow MRI. In two patients pressure differences were calculated also by computational flow dynamics (CFD) as a plausibility check for the order of magnitude. Results: Median values of pressure differences in the anastomosis between SVC and RPA were 0.63 (0.21–2.1) mmHg, between C and RPA 0.67 (0.3–2.2) mmHg, between SVC and LPA 0.8 (0.3–2.4) mmHg and between C and LPA 0.7 (0.2–1.9) mmHg. Patients with potential flow obstruction (stents, occluder, vortices) had significantly higher gradients at the anastomosis (p < 0.05) than patients without potential obstructions, although the absolute values were small. CFD- and measurement-based pressure difference showed good agreement. Conclusion: 4D-flow MRI is able to detect minor pressure differences within the Fontan circuit even in patients with apparently satisfactory TCPC. Slightly higher pressure differences are due to the presence of small flow obstruction.

Graphical Abstract

Minor Pressure Differences within the Fontan-Anastomosis in Patients with Total Cavopulmonary Connection by 4D-Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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APA Style
Shehu, N., Meierhofer, C., Hennemuth, A., Hüllebrand, M., Yevtushenko, P. et al. (2023). Minor pressure differences within the fontan-anastomosis in patients with total cavopulmonary connection by 4d-flow magnetic resonance imaging. Congenital Heart Disease, 18(4), 461-474. https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.031075
Vancouver Style
Shehu N, Meierhofer C, Hennemuth A, Hüllebrand M, Yevtushenko P, Ewert P, et al. Minor pressure differences within the fontan-anastomosis in patients with total cavopulmonary connection by 4d-flow magnetic resonance imaging. Congeni Heart Dis. 2023;18(4):461-474 https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.031075
IEEE Style
N. Shehu et al., "Minor Pressure Differences within the Fontan-Anastomosis in Patients with Total Cavopulmonary Connection by 4D-Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 461-474. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/chd.2023.031075



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