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Numerical Study of PVB Laminated Windshield Cracking Upon Human Head Impact

Jun Xu1,2, Yibing Li1, Xi Chen2,3, Yuan Yan2,3, Dongyun Ge4,1, Bohan Liu1
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety & Energy, Department of Automotive Engineering,Tsinghua University, Beijing , P.R .China
Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University, NY, USA
School of Aerospace, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, P.R .China
School of Aerospace, Tsinghua University, Beijing, P.R .China

Computers, Materials & Continua 2010, 18(2), 183-212. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmc.2010.018.183

Abstract

The crack pattern in a PVB laminated windshield upon head impact is of considerable interest because it contains important information on energy mitigation, pedestrian protection, and accident reconstruction. We carry out a systematic numerical study based on the extended finite element method (XFEM), to investigate the effects of various material and system variables, including the impact speed, effective head mass, PVB interlayer material thickness and property, windshield curvature, aspect ratio and size, boundary constraint, impact angle and off-center impact, on the parameters characterizing the resulting crack pattern, i.e. the crack length, crack angle and circumferential crack shape. General relations bridging these variables and parameters are established via extensive simulations, and the effect and mechanism of each governing factor are elucidated. The findings will shed some light on accident investigation, crashworthiness, and vehicle safety design, on the basis of a systematic understanding of the PVB laminated windshield cracking subject to human head impact.

Keywords

PVB laminated windshield, Extended finite element method, Low-speed impact, Crack pattern

Cite This Article

J. . Xu, Y. . Li, X. . Chen, Y. . Yan, D. . Ge et al., "Numerical study of pvb laminated windshield cracking upon human head impact," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 18, no.2, pp. 183–212, 2010.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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