Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access


A Robust Image Watermarking Scheme Using Z-Transform, Discrete Wavelet Transform and Bidiagonal Singular Value Decomposition

N. Jayashree1,*, R. S. Bhuvaneswaran1

Ramanujan Computing Centre, Anna University, Chennai, 600025, India.

* Corresponding Author: N. Jayashree. Email: email.

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 58(1), 263-285.


Watermarking is a widely used solution to the problems of authentication and copyright protection of digital media especially for images, videos, and audio data. Chaos is one of the emerging techniques adopted in image watermarking schemes due to its intrinsic cryptographic properties. This paper proposes a new chaotic hybrid watermarking method combining Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Z-transform (ZT) and Bidiagonal Singular Value Decomposition (BSVD). The original image is decomposed into 3-level DWT, and then, ZT is applied on the HH3 and HL3 sub-bands. The watermark image is encrypted using Arnold Cat Map. BSVD for the watermark and transformed original image were computed, and the watermark was embedded by modifying singular values of the host image with the singular values of the watermark image. Robustness of the proposed scheme was examined using standard test images and assessed against common signal processing and geometric attacks. Experiments indicated that the proposed method is transparent and highly robust.


Cite This Article

N. Jayashree and R. S. Bhuvaneswaran, "A robust image watermarking scheme using z-transform, discrete wavelet transform and bidiagonal singular value decomposition," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 58, no.1, pp. 263–285, 2019.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 3448


  • 1927


  • 0


Share Link