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Failure Prediction, Lead Time Estimation and Health Degree Assessment for Hard Disk Drives Using Voting Based Decision Trees

Kamaljit Kaur1, *, Kuljit Kaur2

Kamaljit Kaur, Department of Computer Engg & Technology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, 143005, India.
Kuljit Kaur, Department. of Computer Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, 143005, India.

* Corresponding Author: Kamaljit Kaur. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 60(3), 913-946.


Hard Disk drives (HDDs) are an essential component of cloud computing and big data, responsible for storing humongous volumes of collected data. However, HDD failures pose a huge challenge to big data servers and cloud service providers. Every year, about 10% disk drives used in servers crash at least twice, lead to data loss, recovery cost and lower reliability. Recently, the researchers have used SMART parameters to develop various prediction techniques, however, these methods need to be improved for reliability and real-world usage due to the following factors: they lack the ability to consider the gradual change/deterioration of HDDs; they have failed to handle data unbalancing and biases problem; they don’t have adequate mechanisms for health status prediction of HDDs. This paper introduces a novel voting-based decision tree classifier to cater failure prediction, a balance splitting algorithm for the data unbalancing problem, an advanced procedure for lead time estimation and R-CNN based approach for health status estimation. Our system works robustly by considering a gradual change in SMART parameters. The system is rigorously tested on 3 datasets and it delivered benchmarks results as compared to the state of the art.


Cite This Article

K. Kaur and K. Kaur, "Failure prediction, lead time estimation and health degree assessment for hard disk drives using voting based decision trees," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 60, no.3, pp. 913–946, 2019.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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