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Smart Security Framework for Educational Institutions Using Internet of Things (IoT)

Afzal Badshah1, Anwar Ghani1, Muhammad Ahsan Qureshi2, Shahaboddin Shamshirband,3,4,*

Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, International Islamic University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, University of Jeddah, Khulais, 21959, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Faculty of Information Technology, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

* Corresponding Author: Shahaboddin Shamshirband. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 61(1), 81-101.


Educational institutions are soft targets for the terrorist with massive and defenseless people. In the recent past, numbers of such attacks have been executed around the world. Conducting research, in order to provide a secure environment to the educational institutions is a challenging task. This effort is motivated by recent assaults, made at Army Public School Peshawar, following another attack at Charsada University, Khyber Pukhtun Khwa, Pakistan and also the Santa Fe High School Texas, USA massacre. This study uses the basic technologies of edge computing, cloud computing and IoT to design a smart emergency alarm system framework. IoT is engaged in developing this world smarter, can contribute significantly to design the Smart Security Framework (SSF) for educational institutions. In the emergency situation, all the command and control centres must be informed within seconds to halt or minimize the loss. In this article, the SSF is proposed. This framework works on three layers. The first layer is the sensors and smart devices layer. All these sensors and smart devices are connected to the Emergency Control Room (ECR), which is the second layer of the proposed framework. The second layer uses edge computing technologies to process massive data and information locally. The third layer uses cloud computing techniques to transmit and process data and information to different command and control centres. The proposed system was tested on Cisco Packet Tracer 7. The result shows that this approach can play an efficient role in security alert, not only in the educational institutions but also in other organizations too.


Cite This Article

A. Badshah, A. Ghani, M. Ahsan Qureshi and S. Shamshirband,, "Smart security framework for educational institutions using internet of things (iot)," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 61, no.1, pp. 81–101, 2019.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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