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Performance Anomaly Detection in Web Services: An RNN- Based Approach Using Dynamic Quality of Service Features

Muhammad Hasnain1, Seung Ryul Jeong2, *, Muhammad Fermi Pasha3, Imran Ghani4

1 School of Information Technology, Monash University, Subang Jaya, 47500, Malaysia.
2 Graduate School of Business IT, Kookmin University, Seoul, Korea.
3 School of Information Technology, Monash University, Subang Jaya, 47500, Malaysia.
4 Department of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, USA.

* Corresponding Author: Seung Ryul Jeong. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2020, 64(2), 729-752.


Performance anomaly detection is the process of identifying occurrences that do not conform to expected behavior or correlate with other incidents or events in time series data. Anomaly detection has been applied to areas such as fraud detection, intrusion detection systems, and network systems. In this paper, we propose an anomaly detection framework that uses dynamic features of quality of service that are collected in a simulated setup. Three variants of recurrent neural networks-SimpleRNN, long short term memory, and gated recurrent unit are evaluated. The results reveal that the proposed method effectively detects anomalies in web services with high accuracy. The performance of the proposed anomaly detection framework is superior to that of existing approaches using maximum accuracy and detection rate metrics.


Cite This Article

M. Hasnain, S. Ryul Jeong, M. Fermi Pasha and I. Ghani, "Performance anomaly detection in web services: an rnn- based approach using dynamic quality of service features," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 64, no.2, pp. 729–752, 2020.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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