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V-Shaped Monopole Antenna with Chichena Itzia Inspired Defected Ground Structure for UWB Applications

Naeem Ahmad Jan1, Saad Hassan Kiani2, Fazal Muhammad2, Daniyal Ali Sehrai2, Amjad Iqbal3, Muhammad Tufail4, Sunghwan Kim5, *

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Iqra National University, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan.
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan.
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Multimedia University, Cyberjaya, 63100, Malaysia.
4 Department of Mechatronics Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan.
5 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, 44610, Korea.

* Corresponding Author: Sunghwan Kim. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2020, 65(1), 19-32.


Due to rapid growth in wireless communication technology, higher bandwidth requirement for advance telecommunication systems, capable of operating on two or higher bands with higher channel capacities and minimum distortion losses is desired. In this paper, a compact Ultra-Wideband (UWB) V-shaped monopole antenna is presented. UWB response is achieved by modifying the ground plane with Chichen Itzia inspired rectangular staircase shape. The proposed V-shaped is designed by incorporating a rectangle, and an inverted isosceles triangle using FR4 substrate. The size of the antenna is 25 mm×26 mm×1.6 mm. The proposed V-shaped monopole antenna produces bandwidth response of 3 GHz Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM), Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX), (IEEE 802.11/HIPERLAN band, 5G sub 6 GHz) which with an additional square cut amplified the bandwidth response up to 8 GHz ranging from 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz attaining UWB defined by Federal Communications Commission (FCC) with a maximum gain of 3.83 dB. The antenna is designed in Ansys HFSS. Results for key performance parameters of the antenna are presented. The measured results are in good agreement with the simulated results. Due to flat gain, uniform group delay, omni directional radiation pattern characteristics and well-matched impedance, the proposed antenna is suitable for WiMAX, ISM and heterogeneous wireless systems.


Cite This Article

N. Ahmad Jan, S. Hassan Kiani, F. Muhammad, D. Ali Sehrai, A. Iqbal et al., "V-shaped monopole antenna with chichena itzia inspired defected ground structure for uwb applications," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 65, no.1, pp. 19–32, 2020.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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