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Case Study: Spark GPU-Enabled Framework to Control COVID-19 Spread Using Cell-Phone Spatio-Temporal Data

Hussein Shahata Abdallah1, *, Mohamed H. Khafagy1, Fatma A. Omara2
1 Department of Computer Science, Fayoum University, Fayoum, 63514, Egypt.
2 Department of Computer Science, Cairo University, Giza, 1261, Egypt.
* Corresponding Author: Hussein Shahata Abdallah. Email: .
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence and Information Technologies for COVID-19)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2020, 65(2), 1303-1320. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2020.011313

Received 30 April 2020; Accepted 25 June 2020; Issue published 20 August 2020

Abstract

Nowadays, the world is fighting a dangerous form of Coronavirus that represents an emerging pandemic. Since its early appearance in China Wuhan city, many countries undertook several strict regulations including lockdowns and social distancing measures. Unfortunately, these procedures have badly impacted the world economy. Detecting and isolating positive/probable virus infected cases using a tree tracking mechanism constitutes a backbone for containing and resisting such fast spreading disease. For helping this hard effort, this research presents an innovative case study based on big data processing techniques to build a complete tracking system able to identify the central areas of infected/suspected people, and the new suspected cases using health records integration with mobile stations spatio-temporal data logs. The main idea is to identify the positive cases historical movements by tracking their phone location for the last 14 days (i.e., the virus incubation period). Then, by acquiring the citizen’s mobile phone locations for the same period, the system will be able to measure the Euclidean distances between positive case locations and other nearby people to identify the incontact suspected-cases using parallel clustering and classification techniques. Moreover, the daily change of the clusters size and its centroids will be used to predict new regions of infection, as well as, new cases. Moreover, this approach will support infection avoidance by alerting people approaching areas of high probability of infection using their mobile GPS location. This case study has been developed as a simulation system consisting of three components; positive cases/citizens movement’s data generation subsystem, big data processing platform including CPU/GPU tasks, and data visualization/map geotagging subsystem. The processing of such a big data system requires intensive computing tasks. Therefore, GPU tasks carried out to achieve high performance and accelerate the data processing. According to the simulated system results, data partitioning and processing speed up measures have been examined.

Keywords

Big data, Coronavirus (COVID-19), parallel K-Means, GPU, Spark.

Cite This Article

H. Shahata Abdallah, M. H. Khafagy and F. A. Omara, "Case study: spark gpu-enabled framework to control covid-19 spread using cell-phone spatio-temporal data," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 65, no.2, pp. 1303–1320, 2020.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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