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Awareness as the Most Effective Measure to Mitigate the Spread of COVID-19 in Nigeria

Isa Abdullahi Baba1, *, Dumitru Baleanu2, 3

1 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
2 Department of Mathematics, Cankaya University, Ankara, Turkey.
3 Institute of Space Sciences, Bucharest, Romania.

* Corresponding Author: Isa Abdullahi Baba. Email: email.

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Mathematical aspects of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Analysis and Control)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2020, 65(3), 1945-1957.


A mathematical model consisting of a system of four nonlinear ordinary differential equations is constructed. Our aim is to study the dynamics of the spread of COVID-19 in Nigeria and to show the effectiveness of awareness and the need for relevant authorities to engage themselves more in enlightening people on the significance of the available control measures in mitigating the spread of the disease. Two equilibrium solutions; Disease free equilibrium and Endemic equilibrium solutions were calculated and their global stability analysis was carried out. Basic reproduction ratio (


Cite This Article

I. Abdullahi Baba and D. Baleanu, "Awareness as the most effective measure to mitigate the spread of covid-19 in nigeria," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 65, no.3, pp. 1945–1957, 2020.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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