Vol.66, No.2, 2021, pp.2025-2039, doi:10.32604/cmc.2020.012677
Darcy-Forchheimer Hybrid Nano Fluid Flow with Mixed Convection Past an Inclined Cylinder
  • M. Bilal1, Imran Khan1, Taza Gul1,*, Asifa Tassaddiq2, Wajdi Alghamdi3, Safyan Mukhtar4, Poom Kumam5
1 Department of Mathematics, City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
2 Department of Basic Sciences and Humanities, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 80261, Saudi Arabia
4 Basic Sciences Department, Deanship of Preparatory Year, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, 31982, Saudi Arabia
5 Center of Excellence in Theoretical and Computational Science (TaCS-CoE), SCL 802 Fixed Point Laboratory, Science Laboratory Building, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok, 10140, Thailand
* Corresponding Author: Taza Gul. Email:
Received 08 July 2020; Accepted 01 October 2020; Issue published 26 November 2020
This article aims to investigate the Darcy Forchhemier mixed convection flow of the hybrid nanofluid through an inclined extending cylinder. Two different nanoparticles such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and iron oxide Fe3O4 have been added to the base fluid in order to prepare a hybrid nanofluid. Nonlinear partial differential equations for momentum, energy and convective diffusion have been changed into dimensionless ordinary differential equations after using Von Karman approach. Homotopy analysis method (HAM), a powerful analytical approach has been used to find the solution to the given problem. The effects of the physical constraints on velocity, concentration and temperature profile have been drawn as well for discussion purpose. The numerical outcomes have been carried out for the drag force, heat transfer rate and diffusion rate etc. The Biot number of heat and mass transfer affects the fluid temperature whereas the Forchhemier parameter and the inclination angle decrease the velocity of the fluid flow. The results show that hybrid nanofluid is the best source of enhancing heat transfer and can be used for cooling purposes as well.
Mixed convection; similarity transformation; HAM; hybrid nanofluid; CNTs; Darcy Forchhemier; inclined cylinder
Cite This Article
M. Bilal, I. Khan, T. Gul, A. Tassaddiq, W. Alghamdi et al., "Darcy-forchheimer hybrid nano fluid flow with mixed convection past an inclined cylinder," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.2, pp. 2025–2039, 2021.
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