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Intelligent Prediction Approach for Diabetic Retinopathy Using Deep Learning Based Convolutional Neural Networks Algorithm by Means of Retina Photographs

G. Arun Sampaul Thomas1, Y. Harold Robinson2, E. Golden Julie3, Vimal Shanmuganathan4, Seungmin Rho5, Yunyoung Nam6,*

1 CSE Department, J.B. Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, 500075, India
2 School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, 632014, India
3 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Anna University Regional Campus, Tirunelveli, 627007, India
4 Department of Information Technology, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti, 628503, India
5 Department of Software, Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05006, Korea
6 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, 31538, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Yunyoung Nam. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Deep Learning Trends in Intelligent Systems)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(2), 1613-1629.


Retinopathy is a human eye disease that causes changes in retinal blood vessels that leads to bleed, leak fluid and vision impairment. Symptoms of retinopathy are blurred vision, changes in color perception, red spots, and eye pain and it cannot be detected with a naked eye. In this paper, a new methodology based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) is developed and proposed to intelligent retinopathy prediction and give a decision about the presence of retinopathy with automatic diabetic retinopathy screening with accurate diagnoses. The CNN model is trained by different images of eyes that have retinopathy and those which do not have retinopathy. The fully connected layers perform the classification process of the images from the dataset with the pooling layers minimize the coherence among the adjacent layers. The feature loss factor increases the label value to identify the patterns with the kernel-based matching. The performance of the proposed model is compared with the related methods of DREAM, KNN, GD-CNN and SVM. Experimental results show that the proposed CNN performs better.


Cite This Article

G. Arun Sampaul Thomas, Y. Harold Robinson, E. Golden Julie, V. Shanmuganathan, S. Rho et al., "Intelligent prediction approach for diabetic retinopathy using deep learning based convolutional neural networks algorithm by means of retina photographs," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.2, pp. 1613–1629, 2021.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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