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Flower Pollination Heuristics for Nonlinear Active Noise Control Systems

Wasim Ullah Khan1,*, Yigang He1, Muhammad Asif Zahoor Raja2, Naveed Ishtiaq Chaudhary3, Zeshan Aslam Khan3, Syed Muslim Shah4

1 School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China
2 Future Technology Research Center, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, 64002, Taiwan
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Wasim Ullah Khan. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 67(1), 815-834.


Abstract In this paper, a novel design of the flower pollination algorithm is presented for model identification problems in nonlinear active noise control systems. The recently introduced flower pollination based heuristics is implemented to minimize the mean squared error based merit/cost function representing the scenarios of active noise control system with linear/nonlinear and primary/secondary paths based on the sinusoidal signal, random and complex random signals as noise interferences. The flower pollination heuristics based active noise controllers are formulated through exploitation of nonlinear filtering with Volterra series. The comparative study on statistical observations in terms of accuracy, convergence and complexity measures demonstrates that the proposed meta-heuristic of flower pollination algorithm is reliable, accurate, stable as well as robust for active noise control system. The accuracy of the proposed nature inspired computing of flower pollination is in good agreement with the state of the art counterpart solvers based on variants of genetic algorithms, particle swarm optimization, backtracking search optimization algorithm, fireworks optimization algorithm along with their memetic combination with local search methodologies. Moreover, the central tendency and variation based statistical indices further validate the consistency and reliability of the proposed scheme mimic the mathematical model for the process of flower pollination systems.


Cite This Article

W. Ullah Khan, Y. He, M. Asif Zahoor Raja, N. Ishtiaq Chaudhary, Z. Aslam Khan et al., "Flower pollination heuristics for nonlinear active noise control systems," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 67, no.1, pp. 815–834, 2021.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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