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Down to Zero Size of VoIP Packet Payload

Mosleh M. Abualhaj*, Qusai Y. Shambour, Abdelrahman H. Hussein, Qasem M. Kharma

Faculty of Information Technology, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan

* Corresponding Author: Mosleh M. Abualhaj. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(1), 1271-1283.


Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is widely used by companies, schools, universities, and other institutions. However, VoIP faces many issues that slow down its propagation. An important issue is poor utilization of the VoIP service network bandwidth, which results from the large header of the VoIP packet. The objective of this study is to handle this poor utilization of the network bandwidth. Therefore, this study proposes a novel method to address this large header overhead problem. The proposed method is called zero size payload (ZSP), which aims to reemploy and use the header information (fields) of the VoIP packet that is dispensable to the VoIP service, particularly the unicast IP voice calls. In general, these fields are used to carry the VoIP packet payload. Therefore, the size of the payload is reduced to save bandwidth. The performance estimation results of the proposed ZSP method showed a considerable improvement in the bandwidth utilization of the VoIP service. For example, the saved bandwidth in the tested scenario with the G.723.1, G.729, and LPC codecs reached 32%, 28%, and 26% respectively.


Cite This Article

M. M. Abualhaj, Q. Y. Shambour, A. H. Hussein and Q. M. Kharma, "Down to zero size of voip packet payload," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.1, pp. 1271–1283, 2021.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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