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Cloud-Based Diabetes Decision Support System Using Machine Learning Fusion

Shabib Aftab1,2, Saad Alanazi3, Munir Ahmad1, Muhammad Adnan Khan4,*, Areej Fatima5, Nouh Sabri Elmitwally3,6

1 School of Computer Science, National College of Business Administration & Economics, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Science, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
3 College of Computer and Information Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka, 72341, Saudi Arabia
4 Riphah School of Computing & Innovation, Riphah International University, Lahore Campus, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
5 Department of Computer Science, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
6 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computers and Artificial Intelligence, Cairo University, 12613, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Adnan Khan. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(1), 1341-1357.


Diabetes mellitus, generally known as diabetes, is one of the most common diseases worldwide. It is a metabolic disease characterized by insulin deficiency, or glucose (blood sugar) levels that exceed 200 mg/dL (11.1 ml/L) for prolonged periods, and may lead to death if left uncontrolled by medication or insulin injections. Diabetes is categorized into two main types—type 1 and type 2—both of which feature glucose levels above “normal,” defined as 140 mg/dL. Diabetes is triggered by malfunction of the pancreas, which releases insulin, a natural hormone responsible for controlling glucose levels in blood cells. Diagnosis and comprehensive analysis of this potentially fatal disease necessitate application of techniques with minimal rates of error. The primary purpose of this research study is to assess the potential role of machine learning in predicting a person’s risk of developing diabetes. Historically, research has supported the use of various machine algorithms, such as naïve Bayes, decision trees, and artificial neural networks, for early diagnosis of diabetes. However, to achieve maximum accuracy and minimal error in diagnostic predictions, there remains an immense need for further research and innovation to improve the machine-learning tools and techniques available to healthcare professionals. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a novel cloud-based machine-learning fusion technique involving synthesis of three machine algorithms and use of fuzzy systems for collective generation of highly accurate final decisions regarding early diagnosis of diabetes.


Cite This Article

S. Aftab, S. Alanazi, M. Ahmad, M. Adnan Khan, A. Fatima et al., "Cloud-based diabetes decision support system using machine learning fusion," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.1, pp. 1341–1357, 2021.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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