Vol.70, No.1, 2022, pp.653-668, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.018779
Towards Aspect Based Components Integration Framework for Cyber-Physical System
  • Sadia Ali1, Yaser Hafeez1, Muhammad Bilal2, Saqib Saeed3, Kyung Sup Kwak4,*
1 University Institute of Information Technology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, 46000, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Engineering, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin-si, 17035, Korea
3 Department of Computer Information Systems, College of Computer Science and Information Technology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, P. O. Box 1982, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Inha University, Incheon, 22212, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Kyung Sup Kwak. Email:
Received 21 March 2021; Accepted 01 May 2021; Issue published 07 September 2021
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) comprise interactive computation, networking, and physical processes. The integrative environment of CPS enables the smart systems to be aware of the surrounding physical world. Smart systems, such as smart health care systems, smart homes, smart transportation, and smart cities, are made up of complex and dynamic CPS. The components integration development approach should be based on the divide and conquer theory. This way multiple interactive components can reduce the development complexity in CPS. As reusability enhances efficiency and consistency in CPS, encapsulation of component functionalities and a well-designed user interface is vital for the better end-user's Quality of Experience (QoE). Thus, incorrect interaction of interfaces in the cyber-physical system causes system failures. Usually, interface failures occur due to false, and ambiguous requirements analysis and specification. Therefore, to resolve this issue semantic analysis is required for different stakeholders’ viewpoint analysis during requirement specification and components analysis. This work proposes a framework to improve the CPS component integration process, starting from requirement specification to prioritization of components for configurable. For semantic analysis and assessing the reusability of specifications, the framework uses text mining and case-based reasoning techniques. The framework has been tested experimentally, and the results show a significant reduction in ambiguity, redundancy, and irrelevancy, as well as increasing accuracy of interface interactions, component selection, and higher user satisfaction.
Cyber-physical systems; component-based development; case-based reasoning; prioritization; requirement management; specification; text mining
Cite This Article
Ali, S., Hafeez, Y., Bilal, M., Saeed, S., Kwak, K. S. (2022). Towards Aspect Based Components Integration Framework for Cyber-Physical System. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 70(1), 653–668.
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