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Disease Diagnosis System Using IoT Empowered with Fuzzy Inference System

Talha Mahboob Alam1,*, Kamran Shaukat2,6, Adel Khelifi3, Wasim Ahmad Khan4, Hafiz Muhammad Ehtisham Raza5, Muhammad Idrees6, Suhuai Luo2, Ibrahim A. Hameed7

1 Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan
2 School of Information and Physical Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Australia
3 Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
4 School of Computer Science, National College of Business Administration & Economics, Lahore, Pakistan
5 Sir Syed College of Computer Science, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
6 Department of Data Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
7 Department of ICT and Natural Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

* Corresponding Author: Talha Mahboob Alam. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Machine Learning Applications in Medical, Finance, Education and Cyber Security)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(3), 5305-5319.


Disease diagnosis is a challenging task due to a large number of associated factors. Uncertainty in the diagnosis process arises from inaccuracy in patient attributes, missing data, and limitation in the medical expert's ability to define cause and effect relationships when there are multiple interrelated variables. This paper aims to demonstrate an integrated view of deploying smart disease diagnosis using the Internet of Things (IoT) empowered by the fuzzy inference system (FIS) to diagnose various diseases. The Fuzzy System is one of the best systems to diagnose medical conditions because every disease diagnosis involves many uncertainties, and fuzzy logic is the best way to handle uncertainties. Our proposed system differentiates new cases provided symptoms of the disease. Generally, it becomes a time-sensitive task to discriminate symptomatic diseases. The proposed system can track symptoms firmly to diagnose diseases through IoT and FIS smartly and efficiently. Different coefficients have been employed to predict and compute the identified disease's severity for each sign of disease. This study aims to differentiate and diagnose COVID-19, Typhoid, Malaria, and Pneumonia. This study used the FIS method to figure out the disease over the use of given data related to correlating with input symptoms. MATLAB tool is utilised for the implementation of FIS. Fuzzy procedure on the aforementioned given data presents that affectionate disease can derive from the symptoms. The results of our proposed method proved that FIS could be utilised for the diagnosis of other diseases. This study may assist doctors, patients, medical practitioners, and other healthcare professionals in early diagnosis and better treat diseases.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Alam, T.M., Shaukat, K., Khelifi, A., Khan, W.A., Raza, H.M.E. et al. (2022). Disease diagnosis system using iot empowered with fuzzy inference system. Computers, Materials & Continua, 70(3), 5305-5319.
Vancouver Style
Alam TM, Shaukat K, Khelifi A, Khan WA, Raza HME, Idrees M, et al. Disease diagnosis system using iot empowered with fuzzy inference system. Comput Mater Contin. 2022;70(3):5305-5319
IEEE Style
T.M. Alam et al., "Disease Diagnosis System Using IoT Empowered with Fuzzy Inference System," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 5305-5319. 2022.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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