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Deployment of Polar Codes for Mission-Critical Machine-Type Communication Over Wireless Networks

Najib Ahmed Mohammed1, Ali Mohammed Mansoor1,*, Rodina Binti Ahmad1, Saaidal Razalli Bin Azzuhri2
1 Department of Software Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Computer System & Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
* Corresponding Author: Ali Mohammed Mansoor. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(1), 573-592.

Received 25 May 2021; Accepted 03 August 2021; Issue published 03 November 2021


Mission critical Machine-type Communication (mcMTC), also referred to as Ultra-reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC), has become a research hotspot. It is primarily characterized by communication that provides ultra-high reliability and very low latency to concurrently transmit short commands to a massive number of connected devices. While the reduction in physical (PHY) layer overhead and improvement in channel coding techniques are pivotal in reducing latency and improving reliability, the current wireless standards dedicated to support mcMTC rely heavily on adopting the bottom layers of general-purpose wireless standards and customizing only the upper layers. The mcMTC has a significant technical impact on the design of all layers of the communication protocol stack. In this paper, an innovative bottom-up approach has been proposed for mcMTC applications through PHY layer targeted at improving the transmission reliability by implementing ultra-reliable channel coding scheme in the PHY layer of IEEE 802.11a standard bearing in mind short packet transmission system. To achieve this aim, we analyzed and compared the channel coding performance of convolutional codes (CCs), low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, and polar codes in wireless network on the condition of short data packet transmission. The Viterbi decoding algorithm (VA), logarithmic belief propagation (Log-BP) algorithm, and cyclic redundancy check (CRC) successive cancellation list (SCL) (CRC-SCL) decoding algorithm were adopted to CC, LDPC codes, and polar codes, respectively. Consequently, a new PHY layer for mcMTC has been proposed. The reliability of the proposed approach has been validated by simulation in terms of Bit error rate (BER) and packet error rate (PER) vs. signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The simulation results demonstrate that the reliability of IEEE 802.11a standard has been significantly improved to be at PER = 10−5 or even better with the implementation of polar codes. The results also show that the general-purpose wireless networks are prominent in providing short packet mcMTC with the modification needed.


Machine-type communication; mission-critical applications; MTC; URLLC; M2M; wireless networks; polar codes

Cite This Article

N. Ahmed Mohammed, A. Mohammed Mansoor, R. Binti Ahmad and S. Razalli Bin Azzuhri, "Deployment of polar codes for mission-critical machine-type communication over wireless networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.1, pp. 573–592, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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