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Bilateral Coupled Epsilon Negative Metamaterial for Dual Band Wireless Communications

Md Mhedi Hasan1, Mohammad Tariqul Islam1,*, Md Moniruzzaman1, Mohd Hafiz Baharuddin1, Norsuzlin Binti Mohd Sahar2, Md Samsuzzaman3
1 Department of Electrical Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, 43600, Malaysia
2 Space Science Centre, Institute of Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, 43600, Malaysia
3 Department of Computer and Communication Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, 8602, Bangladesh
* Corresponding Author: Mohammad Tariqul Islam. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 71(1), 1263-1281. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.021388

Received 30 June 2021; Accepted 01 August 2021; Issue published 03 November 2021

Abstract

This work presents a dual band epsilon negative (ENG) metamaterial with a bilateral coupled split ring resonator (SRR) for use in C and X band wireless communication systems. The traditional split-ring resonator (SRR) has been amended with this engineered structure. The proposed metamaterial unit cell is realized on the 1.6 mm thick FR-4 printed media with a dimension of 10 × 10 mm2. The resonating patch built with a square split outer ring. Two interlinked inner rings are coupled vertically to the outer ring to extend its electrical length as well as to tune the resonance frequency. Numerical simulation is performed using CST studio suite 2019 to design and performance analysis. The transmission coefficient (S21) of the proposed unit cell and array configuration exhibits two resonances at 6.7 and 10.5 GHz with wide bandwidth extended from 4.86 to 8.06 GHz and 10.1 to 11.2 GHz, respectively. Negative permittivity is noted at frequencies between 6.76–9.5 GHz and 10.5–12 GHz, consecutively, with near-zero refractive index and permeability. The optimal EMR value depicts the compactness of the proposed structure. The 1 × 2, 2 × 2 and 4 × 4 arrays are analyzed that shows similar response compared to the unit cell. Measured results of the 2 × 2 array shows the close similarity of S21 response as compared to simulation. The observed properties of the proposed unit cell ascertain its suitability for wireless communications by enhancing the gain and directivity of the antenna system.

Keywords

Metamaterial; epsilon negative; near-zero index; split ring resonator; wireless communications

Cite This Article

M. Mhedi Hasan, M. Tariqul Islam, M. Moniruzzaman, M. Hafiz Baharuddin, N. Binti Mohd Sahar et al., "Bilateral coupled epsilon negative metamaterial for dual band wireless communications," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 71, no.1, pp. 1263–1281, 2022.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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