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K-Banhatti Sombor Invariants of Certain Computer Networks

Khalid Hamid1, Muhammad Waseem Iqbal2,*, Abaid Ur Rehman Virk3, Muhammad Usman Ashraf4, Ahmed Mohammed Alghamdi5, Adel A. Bahaddad6, Khalid Ali Almarhabi7

1 Department of Computer Science, Superior University, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
2 Department of Software Engineering, Superior University, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
3 Department of Mathematics, University of Sialkot, Sialkot, 51013, Pakistan
4 Department of Computer Science, GC Women University, Sialkot, 53310, Pakistan
5 Department of Software Engineering, College of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Jeddah, 21493,Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Information System, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Computer Science, College of Computing in Al-Qunfudah, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, 24381, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Waseem Iqbal. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(1), 15-31.


Any number that can be uniquely determined by a graph is called a graph invariant. During the last twenty years’ countless mathematical graph invariants have been characterized and utilized for correlation analysis. However, no reliable examination has been embraced to decide, how much these invariants are related with a network graph or molecular graph. In this paper, it will discuss three different variants of bridge networks with good potential of prediction in the field of computer science, mathematics, chemistry, pharmacy, informatics and biology in context with physical and chemical structures and networks, because k-banhatti sombor invariants are freshly presented and have numerous prediction qualities for different variants of bridge graphs or networks. The study solved the topology of a bridge graph/networks of three different types with two invariants K-Banhatti Sombor Indices and its reduced form. These deduced results can be used for the modeling of computer networks like Local area network (LAN), Metropolitan area network (MAN), and Wide area network (WAN), backbone of internet and other networks/structures of computers, power generation, bio-informatics and chemical compounds synthesis.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Hamid, K., Iqbal, M.W., Virk, A.U.R., Ashraf, M.U., Alghamdi, A.M. et al. (2022). K-banhatti sombor invariants of certain computer networks. Computers, Materials & Continua, 73(1), 15-31.
Vancouver Style
Hamid K, Iqbal MW, Virk AUR, Ashraf MU, Alghamdi AM, Bahaddad AA, et al. K-banhatti sombor invariants of certain computer networks. Comput Mater Contin. 2022;73(1):15-31
IEEE Style
K. Hamid et al., "K-Banhatti Sombor Invariants of Certain Computer Networks," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 15-31. 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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