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Ontology-Based News Linking for Semantic Temporal Queries

Muhammad Islam Satti1, Jawad Ahmed2, Hafiz Syed Muhammad Muslim1, Akber Abid Gardezi3, Shafiq Ahmad4, Abdelaty Edrees Sayed4, Salman Naseer5, Muhammad Shafiq6,*

1 Faculty of Computing, Riphah International University, I-14 Campus, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Science Zabsolutions, SZABIST, Islamabad, Pakistan
3 Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, 45550, Pakistan
4 Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh, 11421, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Information Technology, University of the Punjab Gujranwala Campus, Gujranwala, 52250, Pakistan
6 Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 38541, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Shafiq. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(2), 3913-3929.


Daily newspapers publish a tremendous amount of information disseminated through the Internet. Freely available and easily accessible large online repositories are not indexed and are in an un-processable format. The major hindrance in developing and evaluating existing/new monolingual text in an image is that it is not linked and indexed. There is no method to reuse the online news images because of the unavailability of standardized benchmark corpora, especially for South Asian languages. The corpus is a vital resource for developing and evaluating text in an image to reuse local news systems in general and specifically for the Urdu language. Lack of indexing, primarily semantic indexing of the daily news items, makes news items impracticable for any querying. Moreover, the most straightforward search facility does not support these unindexed news resources. Our study addresses this gap by associating and marking the newspaper images with one of the widely spoken but under-resourced languages, i.e., Urdu. The present work proposed a method to build a benchmark corpus of news in image form by introducing a web crawler. The corpus is then semantically linked and annotated with daily news items. Two techniques are proposed for image annotation, free annotation and fixed cross examination annotation. The second technique got higher accuracy. Build news ontology in protégé using Ontology Web Language (OWL) language and indexed the annotations under it. The application is also built and linked with protégé so that the readers and journalists have an interface to query the news items directly. Similarly, news items linked together will provide complete coverage and bring together different opinions at a single location for readers to do the analysis themselves.


Cite This Article

M. I. Satti, J. Ahmed, H. S. M. Muslim, A. A. Gardezi, S. Ahmad et al., "Ontology-based news linking for semantic temporal queries," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.2, pp. 3913–3929, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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