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Dataset of Large Gathering Images for Person Identification and Tracking

Adnan Nadeem1,*, Amir Mehmood2, Kashif Rizwan3, Muhammad Ashraf4, Nauman Qadeer3, Ali Alzahrani1, Qammer H. Abbasi5, Fazal Noor1, Majed Alhaisoni6, Nadeem Mahmood7

1 Faculty of Computer and Information System, Islamic University of Madinah, Madinah, 42351, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, 75300, Pakistan
3 Department of Computer Science, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology, Islamabad, 45570, Pakistan
4 Department of Physics, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology, Karachi, 75300, Pakistan
5 James Watt School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK
6 Computer Sciences Department, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Computer Science, University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Adnan Nadeem. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(3), 6065-6080.


This paper presents a large gathering dataset of images extracted from publicly filmed videos by 24 cameras installed on the premises of Masjid Al-Nabvi, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. This dataset consists of raw and processed images reflecting a highly challenging and unconstraint environment. The methodology for building the dataset consists of four core phases; that include acquisition of videos, extraction of frames, localization of face regions, and cropping and resizing of detected face regions. The raw images in the dataset consist of a total of 4613 frames obtained from video sequences. The processed images in the dataset consist of the face regions of 250 persons extracted from raw data images to ensure the authenticity of the presented data. The dataset further consists of 8 images corresponding to each of the 250 subjects (persons) for a total of 2000 images. It portrays a highly unconstrained and challenging environment with human faces of varying sizes and pixel quality (resolution). Since the face regions in video sequences are severely degraded due to various unavoidable factors, it can be used as a benchmark to test and evaluate face detection and recognition algorithms for research purposes. We have also gathered and displayed records of the presence of subjects who appear in presented frames; in a temporal context. This can also be used as a temporal benchmark for tracking, finding persons, activity monitoring, and crowd counting in large crowd scenarios.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Nadeem, A., Mehmood, A., Rizwan, K., Ashraf, M., Qadeer, N. et al. (2023). Dataset of large gathering images for person identification and tracking. Computers, Materials & Continua, 74(3), 6065-6080.
Vancouver Style
Nadeem A, Mehmood A, Rizwan K, Ashraf M, Qadeer N, Alzahrani A, et al. Dataset of large gathering images for person identification and tracking. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;74(3):6065-6080
IEEE Style
A. Nadeem et al., "Dataset of Large Gathering Images for Person Identification and Tracking," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 6065-6080. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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