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Telepresence Robots and Controlling Techniques in Healthcare System

Fawad Naseer1,*, Muhammad Nasir Khan1, Zubair Nawaz2, Qasim Awais3

1 Electrical Engineering Department, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
2 Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
3 Electrical Engineering Department, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Fawad Naseer. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(3), 6623-6639.


In this era of post-COVID-19, humans are psychologically restricted to interact less with other humans. According to the world health organization (WHO), there are many scenarios where human interactions cause severe multiplication of viruses from human to human and spread worldwide. Most healthcare systems shifted to isolation during the pandemic and a very restricted work environment. Investigations were done to overcome the remedy, and the researcher developed different techniques and recommended solutions. Telepresence robot was the solution achieved by all industries to continue their operations but with almost zero physical interaction with other humans. It played a vital role in this perspective to help humans to perform daily routine tasks. Healthcare workers can use telepresence robots to interact with patients who visit the healthcare center for initial diagnosis for better healthcare system performance without direct interaction. The presented paper aims to compare different telepresence robots and their different controlling techniques to perform the needful in the respective scenario of healthcare environments. This paper comprehensively analyzes and reviews the applications of presented techniques to control different telepresence robots. However, our feature-wise analysis also points to specific technical, appropriate, and ethical challenges that remain to be solved. The proposed investigation summarizes the need for further multifaceted research on the design and impact of a telepresence robot for healthcare centers, building on new perceptions during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Cite This Article

F. Naseer, M. N. Khan, Z. Nawaz and Q. Awais, "Telepresence robots and controlling techniques in healthcare system," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.3, pp. 6623–6639, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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