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Minimizing FWM Impact in DWDM ROF DP-DQPSK System for Optical

Esra Ehsan*, Razali Ngah, Nurul Ashikin Binti Daud

Wireless Communication Centre, School of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Johor Bahru, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Esra Ehsan. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(1), 1033-1050.


The demonstration of a higher data rate transmission system was a major aspect to be considered by researchers in recent years. The most relevant aspect to be studied and analyzed is the need for a reliable system to handle nonlinear impairments and reduce them. Therefore, this paper examines the influence of Four-Wave Mixing (FWM) impairment on the proposed high data rate Dual polarization–Differential Quadrature phase shift keying (DP-DQPSK) system using the Optisystem software. In the beginning, the impact of varied input power on the proposed system’s performance was evaluated in terms of QF and BER metrics. More power is used to improve system performance. However, increasing power would raise the FWM effects. Accordingly, a −10 dBm input power and the proposed system are used to reduce the impact of FWM. Additionally, a hybrid amplification method is proposed to enhance system performance by utilizing the major amplification methods of erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA): semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and Radio optical amplifier (ROA). The evaluation demonstrates that the OA-EDFA outperformed the other two key amplification techniques of (EDFA-SOA) and (EDFA-ROA) in improving Quality factor (QF) and Bit error rate (BER) system results for all distances up to 720 km. Consequently, the method contributes to minimizing the impact of FWM. In the future, other forms of nonlinearity will be investigated and studied to quantify their impact on the proposed system.


Cite This Article

E. Ehsan, R. Ngah and N. A. B. Daud, "Minimizing fwm impact in dwdm rof dp-dqpsk system for optical," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.1, pp. 1033–1050, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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