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SiamDLA: Dynamic Label Assignment for Siamese Visual Tracking

Yannan Cai, Ke Tan, Zhenzhong Wei*

Key Laboratory of Precision Opto-Mechatronics Technology, Ministry of Education, School of Instrumentation Science and Opto-Electronics Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, China

* Corresponding Author: Zhenzhong Wei. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(1), 1621-1640.


Label assignment refers to determining positive/negative labels for each sample to supervise the training process. Existing Siamese-based trackers primarily use fixed label assignment strategies according to human prior knowledge; thus, they can be sensitive to predefined hyperparameters and fail to fit the spatial and scale variations of samples. In this study, we first develop a novel dynamic label assignment (DLA) module to handle the diverse data distributions and adaptively distinguish the foreground from the background based on the statistical characteristics of the target in visual object tracking. The core of DLA module is a two-step selection mechanism. The first step selects candidate samples according to the Euclidean distance between training samples and ground truth, and the second step selects positive/negative samples based on the mean and standard deviation of candidate samples. The proposed approach is general-purpose and can be easily integrated into anchor-based and anchor-free trackers for optimal sample-label matching. According to extensive experimental findings, Siamese-based trackers with DLA modules can refine target locations and outperform baseline trackers on OTB100, VOT2019, UAV123 and LaSOT. Particularly, DLA-SiamRPN++ improves SiamRPN++ by 1% AUC and DLA-SiamCAR improves SiamCAR by 2.5% AUC on OTB100. Furthermore, hyper-parameters analysis experiments show that DLA module hardly increases spatio-temporal complexity, the proposed approach maintains the same speed as the original tracker without additional overhead.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Cai, Y., Tan, K., Wei, Z. (2023). Siamdla: dynamic label assignment for siamese visual tracking. Computers, Materials & Continua, 75(1), 1621-1640.
Vancouver Style
Cai Y, Tan K, Wei Z. Siamdla: dynamic label assignment for siamese visual tracking. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;75(1):1621-1640
IEEE Style
Y. Cai, K. Tan, and Z. Wei "SiamDLA: Dynamic Label Assignment for Siamese Visual Tracking," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 1621-1640. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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