Open Access iconOpen Access



An Efficient Color-Image Encryption Method Using DNA Sequence and Chaos Cipher

Ghofran Kh. Shraida1, Hameed A. Younis1, Taief Alaa Al-Amiedy2, Mohammed Anbar2,*, Hussain A. Younis3,4, Iznan H. Hasbullah2

1 Department of Computer Science, College of CSIT, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
2 National Advanced IPv6 (NAv6) Centre, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800, Malaysia
3 College of Education for Women University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
4 School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, 11800, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Mohammed Anbar. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(2), 2641-2654.


Nowadays, high-resolution images pose several challenges in the context of image encryption. The encryption of huge images’ file sizes requires high computational resources. Traditional encryption techniques like, Data Encryption Standard (DES), and Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) are not only inefficient, but also less secure. Due to characteristics of chaos theory, such as periodicity, sensitivity to initial conditions and control parameters, and unpredictability. Hence, the characteristics of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), such as vast parallelism and large storage capacity, make it a promising field. This paper presents an efficient color image encryption method utilizing DNA encoding with two types of hyper-chaotic maps. The proposed encryption method comprises three steps. The first step initializes the conditions for generating Lorenz and Rossler hyper-chaotic maps using a plain image Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-256/384). The second step performs a confusion procedure by scrambling the three components of the image (red, green, and blue) using Lorenz hyper-chaotic sequences. Finally, the third step combines three approaches to encrypt the scrambled components for diffusion: DNA encoding/decoding, addition operation between components, and XORing with Rossler hyper-chaotic sequences. The simulation results indicate that the suggested encryption algorithm satisfies the requirements of security. The entropy value of confusion and diffusion is 7.997, the key space is 2200, and the correlation coefficient is nearly zero. The efficacy of the proposed method has been verified through numerous evaluations, and the results show its resistance and effectiveness against several attacks, like statistical and brute-force attacks. Finally, the devised algorithm vanquishes other relevant color image encryption algorithms.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Shraida, G.K., Younis, H.A., Al-Amiedy, T.A., Anbar, M., Younis, H.A. et al. (2023). An efficient color-image encryption method using DNA sequence and chaos cipher. Computers, Materials & Continua, 75(2), 2641-2654.
Vancouver Style
Shraida GK, Younis HA, Al-Amiedy TA, Anbar M, Younis HA, Hasbullah IH. An efficient color-image encryption method using DNA sequence and chaos cipher. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;75(2):2641-2654
IEEE Style
G.K. Shraida, H.A. Younis, T.A. Al-Amiedy, M. Anbar, H.A. Younis, and I.H. Hasbullah "An Efficient Color-Image Encryption Method Using DNA Sequence and Chaos Cipher," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 2641-2654. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1174


  • 785


  • 0


Share Link