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Plant Leaf Diseases Classification Using Improved K-Means Clustering and SVM Algorithm for Segmentation

Mona Jamjoom1, Ahmed Elhadad2, Hussein Abulkasim3,*, Safia Abbas4

1 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computers and Information, South Valley University, Qena, 83523, Egypt
3 Faculty of Science, New Valley University, El-Kharga, 72511, Egypt
4 Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computer and Information Sciences, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Hussein Abulkasim. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 76(1), 367-382. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.037310

Abstract

Several pests feed on leaves, stems, bases, and the entire plant, causing plant illnesses. As a result, it is vital to identify and eliminate the disease before causing any damage to plants. Manually detecting plant disease and treating it is pretty challenging in this period. Image processing is employed to detect plant disease since it requires much effort and an extended processing period. The main goal of this study is to discover the disease that affects the plants by creating an image processing system that can recognize and classify four different forms of plant diseases, including Phytophthora infestans, Fusarium graminearum, Puccinia graminis, tomato yellow leaf curl. Therefore, this work uses the Support vector machine (SVM) classifier to detect and classify the plant disease using various steps like image acquisition, Pre-processing, Segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. The gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) and the local binary pattern features (LBP) are used to identify the disease-affected portion of the plant leaf. According to experimental data, the proposed technology can correctly detect and diagnose plant sickness with a 97.2 percent accuracy.

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APA Style
Jamjoom, M., Elhadad, A., Abulkasim, H., Abbas, S. (2023). Plant leaf diseases classification using improved k-means clustering and SVM algorithm for segmentation. Computers, Materials & Continua, 76(1), 367-382. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.037310
Vancouver Style
Jamjoom M, Elhadad A, Abulkasim H, Abbas S. Plant leaf diseases classification using improved k-means clustering and SVM algorithm for segmentation. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;76(1):367-382 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.037310
IEEE Style
M. Jamjoom, A. Elhadad, H. Abulkasim, and S. Abbas "Plant Leaf Diseases Classification Using Improved K-Means Clustering and SVM Algorithm for Segmentation," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 367-382. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.037310



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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