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Multi-Objective Equilibrium Optimizer for Feature Selection in High-Dimensional English Speech Emotion Recognition

Liya Yue1, Pei Hu2, Shu-Chuan Chu3, Jeng-Shyang Pan3,4,*

1 Fanli Business School, Nanyang Institute of Technology, Nanyang, 473004, China
2 School of Computer and Software, Nanyang Institute of Technology, Nanyang, 473004, China
3 College of Computer Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266590, China
4 Department of Information Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, 413310, Taiwan

* Corresponding Author: Jeng-Shyang Pan. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Advanced Data Mining Techniques: Security, Intelligent Systems and Applications)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 78(2), 1957-1975. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.046962

Abstract

Speech emotion recognition (SER) uses acoustic analysis to find features for emotion recognition and examines variations in voice that are caused by emotions. The number of features acquired with acoustic analysis is extremely high, so we introduce a hybrid filter-wrapper feature selection algorithm based on an improved equilibrium optimizer for constructing an emotion recognition system. The proposed algorithm implements multi-objective emotion recognition with the minimum number of selected features and maximum accuracy. First, we use the information gain and Fisher Score to sort the features extracted from signals. Then, we employ a multi-objective ranking method to evaluate these features and assign different importance to them. Features with high rankings have a large probability of being selected. Finally, we propose a repair strategy to address the problem of duplicate solutions in multi-objective feature selection, which can improve the diversity of solutions and avoid falling into local traps. Using random forest and K-nearest neighbor classifiers, four English speech emotion datasets are employed to test the proposed algorithm (MBEO) as well as other multi-objective emotion identification techniques. The results illustrate that it performs well in inverted generational distance, hypervolume, Pareto solutions, and execution time, and MBEO is appropriate for high-dimensional English SER.

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APA Style
Yue, L., Hu, P., Chu, S., Pan, J. (2024). Multi-objective equilibrium optimizer for feature selection in high-dimensional english speech emotion recognition. Computers, Materials & Continua, 78(2), 1957-1975. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.046962
Vancouver Style
Yue L, Hu P, Chu S, Pan J. Multi-objective equilibrium optimizer for feature selection in high-dimensional english speech emotion recognition. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;78(2):1957-1975 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.046962
IEEE Style
L. Yue, P. Hu, S. Chu, and J. Pan "Multi-Objective Equilibrium Optimizer for Feature Selection in High-Dimensional English Speech Emotion Recognition," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 1957-1975. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.046962



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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