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Predicting Users’ Latent Suicidal Risk in Social Media: An Ensemble Model Based on Social Network Relationships

Xiuyang Meng1,2, Chunling Wang1,2,*, Jingran Yang1,2, Mairui Li1,2, Yue Zhang1,2, Luo Wang1,2

1 School of Information Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China
2 Engineering Research Center for Forestry-Oriented Intelligent Information Processing of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing, 100083, China

* Corresponding Author: Chunling Wang. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(3), 4259-4281. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.050325

Abstract

Suicide has become a critical concern, necessitating the development of effective preventative strategies. Social media platforms offer a valuable resource for identifying signs of suicidal ideation. Despite progress in detecting suicidal ideation on social media, accurately identifying individuals who express suicidal thoughts less openly or infrequently poses a significant challenge. To tackle this, we have developed a dataset focused on Chinese suicide narratives from Weibo’s Tree Hole feature and introduced an ensemble model named Text Convolutional Neural Network based on Social Network relationships (TCNN-SN). This model enhances predictive performance by leveraging social network relationship features and applying correction factors within a weighted linear fusion framework. It is specifically designed to identify key individuals who can help uncover hidden suicidal users and clusters. Our model, assessed using the bespoke dataset and benchmarked against alternative classification approaches, demonstrates superior accuracy, F1-score and AUC metrics, achieving 88.57%, 88.75% and 94.25%, respectively, outperforming traditional TextCNN models by 12.18%, 10.84% and 10.85%. We assert that our methodology offers a significant advancement in the predictive identification of individuals at risk, thereby contributing to the prevention and reduction of suicide incidences.

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APA Style
Meng, X., Wang, C., Yang, J., Li, M., Zhang, Y. et al. (2024). Predicting users’ latent suicidal risk in social media: an ensemble model based on social network relationships. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(3), 4259-4281. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.050325
Vancouver Style
Meng X, Wang C, Yang J, Li M, Zhang Y, Wang L. Predicting users’ latent suicidal risk in social media: an ensemble model based on social network relationships. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(3):4259-4281 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.050325
IEEE Style
X. Meng, C. Wang, J. Yang, M. Li, Y. Zhang, and L. Wang "Predicting Users’ Latent Suicidal Risk in Social Media: An Ensemble Model Based on Social Network Relationships," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 4259-4281. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2024.050325



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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