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Deep Learning-Based ECG Classification for Arterial Fibrillation Detection

Muhammad Sohail Irshad1,2,*, Tehreem Masood1,2, Arfan Jaffar1,2, Muhammad Rashid3, Sheeraz Akram1,2,4,*, Abeer Aljohani5

1 Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology, The Superior University, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
2 Intelligent Data Visual Computing Research (IDVCR), Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
3 Department of Computer Science, National University of Technology, Islamabad, 45000, Pakistan
4 Information Systems Department, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, 11432, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer Science, Applied College, Taibah University, Medina, 42353, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Authors: Muhammad Sohail Irshad. Email: email; Sheeraz Akram. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Medical Imaging-Disease Segmentation and Classification)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(3), 4805-4824.


The application of deep learning techniques in the medical field, specifically for Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) detection through Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals, has witnessed significant interest. Accurate and timely diagnosis increases the patient’s chances of recovery. However, issues like overfitting and inconsistent accuracy across datasets remain challenges. In a quest to address these challenges, a study presents two prominent deep learning architectures, ResNet-50 and DenseNet-121, to evaluate their effectiveness in AFib detection. The aim was to create a robust detection mechanism that consistently performs well. Metrics such as loss, accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and Area Under the Curve (AUC) were utilized for evaluation. The findings revealed that ResNet-50 surpassed DenseNet-121 in all evaluated categories. It demonstrated lower loss rate 0.0315 and 0.0305 superior accuracy of 98.77% and 98.88%, precision of 98.78% and 98.89% and sensitivity of 98.76% and 98.86% for training and validation, hinting at its advanced capability for AFib detection. These insights offer a substantial contribution to the existing literature on deep learning applications for AFib detection from ECG signals. The comparative performance data assists future researchers in selecting suitable deep-learning architectures for AFib detection. Moreover, the outcomes of this study are anticipated to stimulate the development of more advanced and efficient ECG-based AFib detection methodologies, for more accurate and early detection of AFib, thereby fostering improved patient care and outcomes.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Irshad, M.S., Masood, T., Jaffar, A., Rashid, M., Akram, S. et al. (2024). Deep learning-based ECG classification for arterial fibrillation detection. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(3), 4805-4824.
Vancouver Style
Irshad MS, Masood T, Jaffar A, Rashid M, Akram S, Aljohani A. Deep learning-based ECG classification for arterial fibrillation detection. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(3):4805-4824
IEEE Style
M.S. Irshad, T. Masood, A. Jaffar, M. Rashid, S. Akram, and A. Aljohani "Deep Learning-Based ECG Classification for Arterial Fibrillation Detection," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 4805-4824. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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