Open Access iconOpen Access



Optimised CNN Architectures for Handwritten Arabic Character Recognition

Salah Alghyaline*

Department of Computer Science, The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Amman, 1101-11947, Jordan

* Corresponding Author: Salah Alghyaline. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(3), 4905-4924.


Handwritten character recognition is considered challenging compared with machine-printed characters due to the different human writing styles. Arabic is morphologically rich, and its characters have a high similarity. The Arabic language includes 28 characters. Each character has up to four shapes according to its location in the word (at the beginning, middle, end, and isolated). This paper proposed 12 CNN architectures for recognizing handwritten Arabic characters. The proposed architectures were derived from the popular CNN architectures, such as VGG, ResNet, and Inception, to make them applicable to recognizing character-size images. The experimental results on three well-known datasets showed that the proposed architectures significantly enhanced the recognition rate compared to the baseline models. The experiments showed that data augmentation improved the models’ accuracies on all tested datasets. The proposed model outperformed most of the existing approaches. The best achieved results were 93.05%, 98.30%, and 96.88% on the HIJJA, AHCD, and AIA9K datasets.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Alghyaline, S. (2024). Optimised CNN architectures for handwritten arabic character recognition. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(3), 4905-4924.
Vancouver Style
Alghyaline S. Optimised CNN architectures for handwritten arabic character recognition. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(3):4905-4924
IEEE Style
S. Alghyaline, "Optimised CNN Architectures for Handwritten Arabic Character Recognition," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 4905-4924. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 307


  • 95


  • 0


Share Link