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Deep Learning-Based Digital Image Forgery Detection Using Transfer Learning

Emad Ul Haq Qazi1,*, Tanveer Zia1, Muhammad Imran2, Muhammad Hamza Faheem1

1 Center of Excellence in Cybercrimes and Digital Forensics (CoECDF), Naif Arab University for Security Sciences (NAUSS), Riyadh, 14812, Saudi Arabia
2 School of Engineering, Information Technology and Physical Sciences, Federation University, Brisbane,QLD 4000, Australia

* Corresponding Author: Emad Ul Haq Qazi. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 38(3), 225-240.


Deep learning is considered one of the most efficient and reliable methods through which the legitimacy of a digital image can be verified. In the current cyber world where deepfakes have shaken the global community, confirming the legitimacy of a digital image is of great importance. With the advancements made in deep learning techniques, now we can efficiently train and develop state-of-the-art digital image forensic models. The most traditional and widely used method by researchers is convolution neural networks (CNN) for verification of image authenticity but it consumes a considerable number of resources and requires a large dataset for training. Therefore, in this study, a transfer learning based deep learning technique for image forgery detection is proposed. The proposed methodology consists of three modules namely; preprocessing module, convolutional module, and the classification module. By using our proposed technique, the training time is drastically reduced by utilizing the pre-trained weights. The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated by using benchmark datasets, i.e., BOW and BOSSBase that detect five forensic types which include JPEG compression, contrast enhancement (CE), median filtering (MF), additive Gaussian noise, and resampling. We evaluated the performance of our proposed technique by conducting various experiments and case scenarios and achieved an accuracy of 99.92%. The results show the superiority of the proposed system.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Qazi, E.U.H., Zia, T., Imran, M., Faheem, M.H. (2023). Deep learning-based digital image forgery detection using transfer learning. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 38(3), 225-240.
Vancouver Style
Qazi EUH, Zia T, Imran M, Faheem MH. Deep learning-based digital image forgery detection using transfer learning. Intell Automat Soft Comput . 2023;38(3):225-240
IEEE Style
E.U.H. Qazi, T. Zia, M. Imran, and M.H. Faheem "Deep Learning-Based Digital Image Forgery Detection Using Transfer Learning," Intell. Automat. Soft Comput. , vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 225-240. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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