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ABSTRACT

# Heat and mass transfer by natural convection in porous media due to opposing buoyancy effects with Boundary Domain Integral Method

Janja Kramer, Renata Jecl, Leopold Skerget

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2009, 12(4), 147-148. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2009.012.147

## Abstract

A numerical study of double diffusive natural convection in porous media due to opposing buoyancy forces is reported, using the Boundary Domain Integral Method (BDIM). There have been several reported studies dealing with natural convection in porous media, mainly because of its importance in several industrial and technological applications. Less attention, however, has been dedicated to the so-called double diffusive problems, where density gradients occur due to the effects of combined temperature and concentration buoyancy. The current investigation is focused on the special problem, where the thermal and solutal buoyancy forces are opposing each other.
The mathematical model of ﬂuid ﬂow in porous media is derived from the classical Navier-Stokes equations for pure ﬂuid considering the fact that only a part of the volume is available for the ﬂuid ﬂow. The equations represent the basic conservation laws for mass, momentum, energy and species, where in the momentum equation additional Brinkman viscous term is included.
The obtained set of partial differential equations is solved with use of BDIM, which is an extension of classical Boundary Element Method. To use the BDIM for the solution of the obtained set of equations, the governing equations ﬁrst have to be transformed with use of velocity-vorticity formulation, which consequently separates the computational scheme into a kinematic and kinetic computational parts. In the next step all transport equations have to be written in an integral manner with use of suitable Green functionsor weighted residual technique. Finally all integral equations are discretized over the solution boundary and domain and solved by obtaining suitable boundary and initial conditions.
The results for a double diffusive natural convection in a square cavity fully ﬁlled with ﬂuid saturated porous media, where the vertical walls are maintained at different temperatures and concentrations, while the horizontal walls are adiabatic and impermeable, are presented. The case of negative sign of buoyancy coefﬁcient N, which indicates that the thermal and solutal buoyancy force are opposing each other, is considered. The obtaind results are compared to some published studies, which prooves the accuracy of the BDIM and states that it is a good alternative to other numerical methods.

APA Style
Kramer, J., Jecl, R., Skerget, L. (2009). Heat and mass transfer by natural convection in porous media due to opposing buoyancy effects with boundary domain integral method. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 12(4), 147-148. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2009.012.147
Vancouver Style
Kramer J, Jecl R, Skerget L. Heat and mass transfer by natural convection in porous media due to opposing buoyancy effects with boundary domain integral method. Int Conf Comput Exp Eng Sciences . 2009;12(4):147-148 https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2009.012.147
IEEE Style
J. Kramer, R. Jecl, and L. Skerget "Heat and mass transfer by natural convection in porous media due to opposing buoyancy effects with Boundary Domain Integral Method," Int. Conf. Comput. Exp. Eng. Sciences , vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 147-148. 2009. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2009.012.147