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ABSTRACT

A High-Order Numerical Model for Species Transport and Emergency Response

Xiuling Wang, Darrell W. Pepper

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2011, 16(1), 17-18. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2011.016.017

Abstract

A high-order numerical model is developed to simulate species transport for use in emergency response situations. The model includes employing an hp-adaptive finite element technique to construct velocity fields within complex geometries as well as over irregular terrain features. Lagrangian particles are used to display contaminant dispersion patterns. The use of hp-adaptive finite element methods permit both automatic local refinement and unrefinement of the computational grid - a fine mesh is developed in those regions where flow features and/or species gradients change rapidly while a coarse mesh is employed where flow and transport are unvarying (or smooth). The use of Lagrangian particles permits rapid visualization and assessment of contaminated areas, highlighting those areas where exposure to hazardous contamination may occur. The model is computational efficient, runs on PCs, and is particularly suitable for emergency response assessment. Simulation results of contaminant dispersion within buildings as well as from external atmospheric releases will be presented.

Cite This Article

APA Style
Wang, X., Pepper, D.W. (2011). A high-order numerical model for species transport and emergency response. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 16(1), 17-18. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2011.016.017
Vancouver Style
Wang X, Pepper DW. A high-order numerical model for species transport and emergency response. Int Conf Comput Exp Eng Sciences . 2011;16(1):17-18 https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2011.016.017
IEEE Style
X. Wang and D.W. Pepper, "A High-Order Numerical Model for Species Transport and Emergency Response," Int. Conf. Comput. Exp. Eng. Sciences , vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 17-18. 2011. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2011.016.017



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