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Quantitative nondestructive tests of defects with optical methods

Xide Li

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2011, 20(1), 13-14.


The quantitatively assessment of defect characteristic parameters (DCP), such as coordinates, size, embedding depth and type of defects in structures or materials, is becoming increasingly important. One reason is for economy and safety, and the other for a defect in structures may lead to failure while it is growing to a critical size. Therefore, it is possible to estimate both remaining life of structures and extent of the degradation by knowing the dimensions of defects presenting in structures. In this paper, several research topics on quantitative detection of the DCP in our group are reviewed as follows:
)Nondestructive testing methods, holographic interferometry (HI), shearing speckle1)Nondestructive testing methods, holographic interferometry (HI), shearing speckleinterferometry (SSI), and simple mechanical models are combined to quantitativelyestimate of the coordinates, size, embedding depth, and type of defects of a thin-walled pressure vessel. Experimental tests are conducted to demonstrate the effi-ciency and the accuracy of this combined technique for thin-walled spherical ves-sels that contain cavities or cracks.
)Laser diffraction technique (LDT) is used to investigate the crack opening andpropagation of a single slit crack and a cavity subjected to uniaxial tensile load.Moreover, this technique is also combined with the power spectrum autocorrelationmethod and spectral iterative technique, respectively, to retrieve the complex shapesof microcracks and cavity apertures on the surface of the tested samples.
)Optical methods, such as electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI) andSSI, design optimization and FEM are combined to accomplish quantitative non-destructive tests (QNDT). Three types of defects are inspected and their DCP valuesare obtained quantitatively.
Finally, the paper briefly introduces the research on automatic detection of the de-fect characteristics with the wavelet transform (WT). The signal changes corre-sponding to the partial fringe patterns caused by the local defects in HI and ESPInondestructive testing are analyzed. We demonstrate how the Morlet wavelet isused to detect the defect-induced partial fringe patterns from the global fringe pat-tern in HI and the ESPI nondestructive testing.

Cite This Article

Li, X. (2011). Quantitative nondestructive tests of defects with optical methods. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 20(1), 13–14.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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