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Fracture Dynamics-A Photomechanics Investigation

Albert S. Kobayashi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle Washington 98195, USA.
Corresponding Author: Albert S. Kobayashi. Email:

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2019, 21(1), 1-1.


This presentation will summarize the author’s studies on dynamic fracture based on photomechanics. During the early stage of our studies, dynamic photoelasticity was used to record dynamic crack propagation/arrest and crack branching in Homalite-100 fracture specimens. Dynamic crack arrest was found to be a constant but significantly higher than the ring down static arrest stress intensity factor which varies with the crack initiation condition. A crack branching criterion based on a critical stress intensity factor was also established. Moiré interferometry together with high-speed photography and the generation phase of dynamic finite element analysis were then used to determine the dynamic fracture toughness of 7075-T6 and 2024-T3 aluminum specimens. A high temperature moiré interferometry was developed and the fracture toughness at temperature up to 1000̊ C was recorded in alumina fracture specimens. A two-dimension finite element (FE) models with postulated grain/fiber bridging models in the fracture process zone of ceramic matrix composite were used to estimate the energy dissipated during fracture. Postulated crack bridging models were adjusted through an inverse analysis to match the computed crack opening displacement (COD) with the measured surface COD via moiré interferometry. Fracture behavior of carbon fiber/carbon matrix (C/C) composite was analyzed with an equivalent 2-D finite element (FE) model of a single edged notch bend (SENB) specimen subjected to a series of re-notching tests. An idealized distribution of crack bridging stress (CBS) along an idealized straight crack was obtained through an inverse analysis by matching the FE computed and moiré measured crack opening displacement (COD) during the re-notching process. This FE model was used to estimate the equivalent strain energy release rate, Geq, and the equivalent stress intensity factor, Keq, of the zig-zagged crack.

Cite This Article

APA Style
Kobayashi, A.S. (2019). Fracture dynamics-a photomechanics investigation. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 21(1), 1-1.
Vancouver Style
Kobayashi AS. Fracture dynamics-a photomechanics investigation. Int Conf Comput Exp Eng Sciences . 2019;21(1):1-1
IEEE Style
A.S. Kobayashi, "Fracture Dynamics-A Photomechanics Investigation," Int. Conf. Comput. Exp. Eng. Sciences , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1-1. 2019.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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