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Fluid-Structure Interaction in Arterial Network and Implications for Blood Pressure Measurement– A Numerical Study

Peishuo Wu1, Chi Zhu1,2,*

1 Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
2 Nanchang Innovation Institute, Peking University, Nanchang, 330008, China

* Corresponding Author: Chi Zhu. Email: email

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2023, 25(1), 1-2. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09869

Abstract

Central blood pressure, i.e., the blood pressure near the heart, is an important physiological indicator of the cardiovascular function of a patient. However, direct measurement of this quantity is rarely carried out due to the invasive nature of the procedure. Instead, blood pressure at the arm (brachial artery) measured through an inflatable cuff is commonly used to represent or estimate the central blood pressure. On the other hand, the aortic pressure propagates downstream in the form of pulse waves, which have to pass through a complex and compliant vascular network to reach the brachial artery. Therefore, the efficacy of cuff-measured pressure is still under clinical debate, which is partially stemmed from a lack of understand of the physics implicated in the propagation process. In this study, we theoretically explore the effectiveness of the cuff measurement in evaluating central blood pressure through fluid-structure interaction simulations. We employ a patient-specific arterial tree in the upper limb and apply physiologically-accurate boundary conditions, including inlet flow rate and three-element Windkessel outlet conditions. The fluidstructure interaction is modeled using the coupled momentum method. The spatial variation of the material property and thickness of the vessel wall is taken into consideration, and we investigate the influence of several popular vascular material models on the pressure wave propagation. We also develop an analytical model to provide further insights into the fluid-structure interaction. The results show that the vascular diameter variation and the choice of vascular material model have a great impact on the pulse wave propagation; the analytical model is in great agreement with the numerical results and can be used to calibrate the difference between the cuff-measured pressure and the central blood pressure. This study can potentially provide a theoretical basis for the development of more accurate non-invasive blood pressure measurement methods.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Wu, P., Zhu, C. (2023). Fluid-structure interaction in arterial network and implications for blood pressure measurement– a numerical study. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 25(1), 1-2. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09869
Vancouver Style
Wu P, Zhu C. Fluid-structure interaction in arterial network and implications for blood pressure measurement– a numerical study. Int Conf Comput Exp Eng Sciences . 2023;25(1):1-2 https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09869
IEEE Style
P. Wu and C. Zhu, "Fluid-Structure Interaction in Arterial Network and Implications for Blood Pressure Measurement– A Numerical Study," Int. Conf. Comput. Exp. Eng. Sciences , vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 1-2. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2023.09869



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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