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ABSTRACT

Carbon Nanotube Transmission between Linear and Rotational Motions

Hanqing Jiang1, Junqiang Lu2, Min-Feng Yu2, Yonggang Huang3
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA. hanqing.jiang@asu.edu
Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2008, 6(2), 133-144. https://doi.org/10.3970/icces.2008.006.133

Abstract

The periodic lattice registry of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been exploited for the possibilities of development of nanodevices. This paper studied the telescoping behaviors of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) by atomic-scale finite element and tight-bind Green function methods. It was found that telescoping a DWCNT (e.g., (6,3)/(12,6)) will induce a rotational motion of the inner CNT that has a chirl angle θ (0◦ < θ < 30◦). This telescoping-induced rotational motion does not exist for armchair and zigzag DWCNTs due to the symmetry of CNTs. The rotational angle is completely determined by the chirality of the inner CNT and can be intuitively explained by screw/nut model. The study of transportation property of (6,3)/(12,6) DWCNT shows a periodic variation of electrical conductance with telescope distance. The period is determined by the lattice constant of graphene (0.246 nm) and chirality of the inner CNT. The unique linear/rotational motions transmission and periodic variation of electrical conductance present fascinating opportunities for the engineering of a new class of nanometrology devices, namely, rotational and distance encoder.

Keywords

Double-walled carbon nanotubes, telescoping, rotational motion, electrical conductance

Cite This Article

Jiang, H., Lu, J., Yu, M., Huang, Y. (2008). Carbon Nanotube Transmission between Linear and Rotational Motions. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 6(2), 133–144.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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