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Image Retrieval Based on Deep Feature Extraction and Reduction with Improved CNN and PCA

Rongyu Chen, Lili Pan*, Yan Zhou, Qianhui Lei

Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410000, China

* Corresponding Author: Lili Pan. Email: email

Journal of Information Hiding and Privacy Protection 2020, 2(2), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.32604/jihpp.2020.010472

Abstract

With the rapid development of information technology, the speed and efficiency of image retrieval are increasingly required in many fields, and a compelling image retrieval method is critical for the development of information. Feature extraction based on deep learning has become dominant in image retrieval due to their discrimination more complete, information more complementary and higher precision. However, the high-dimension deep features extracted by CNNs (convolutional neural networks) limits the retrieval efficiency and makes it difficult to satisfy the requirements of existing image retrieval. To solving this problem, the high-dimension feature reduction technology is proposed with improved CNN and PCA quadratic dimensionality reduction. Firstly, in the last layer of the classical networks, this study makes a well-designed DR-Module (dimensionality reduction module) to compress the number of channels of the feature map as much as possible, and ensures the amount of information. Secondly, the deep features are compressed again with PCA (Principal Components Analysis), and the compression ratios of the two dimensionality reductions are reduced, respectively. Therefore, the retrieval efficiency is dramatically improved. Finally, it is proved on the Cifar100 and Caltech101 datasets that the novel method not only improves the retrieval accuracy but also enhances the retrieval efficiency. Experimental results strongly demonstrate that the proposed method performs well in small and medium-sized datasets.

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APA Style
Chen, R., Pan, L., Zhou, Y., Lei, Q. (2020). Image retrieval based on deep feature extraction and reduction with improved CNN and PCA. Journal of Information Hiding and Privacy Protection, 2(2), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.32604/jihpp.2020.010472
Vancouver Style
Chen R, Pan L, Zhou Y, Lei Q. Image retrieval based on deep feature extraction and reduction with improved CNN and PCA. J Inf Hiding Privacy Protection . 2020;2(2):67-76 https://doi.org/10.32604/jihpp.2020.010472
IEEE Style
R. Chen, L. Pan, Y. Zhou, and Q. Lei "Image Retrieval Based on Deep Feature Extraction and Reduction with Improved CNN and PCA," J. Inf. Hiding Privacy Protection , vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 67-76. 2020. https://doi.org/10.32604/jihpp.2020.010472



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