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  • Open Access


    Reliable Data Collection Model and Transmission Framework in Large-Scale Wireless Medical Sensor Networks

    Haosong Gou1, Gaoyi Zhang1, Renê Ripardo Calixto2, Senthil Kumar Jagatheesaperumal3, Victor Hugo C. de Albuquerque2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 1077-1102, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047806

    Abstract Large-scale wireless sensor networks (WSNs) play a critical role in monitoring dangerous scenarios and responding to medical emergencies. However, the inherent instability and error-prone nature of wireless links present significant challenges, necessitating efficient data collection and reliable transmission services. This paper addresses the limitations of existing data transmission and recovery protocols by proposing a systematic end-to-end design tailored for medical event-driven cluster-based large-scale WSNs. The primary goal is to enhance the reliability of data collection and transmission services, ensuring a comprehensive and practical approach. Our approach focuses on refining the hop-count-based routing scheme to achieve fairness in forwarding reliability. Additionally,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Web Application Fingerprint Recognition Method Based on Machine Learning

    Yanmei Shi1, Wei Yu2,*, Yanxia Zhao3,*, Yungang Jia4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 887-906, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046140

    Abstract Web application fingerprint recognition is an effective security technology designed to identify and classify web applications, thereby enhancing the detection of potential threats and attacks. Traditional fingerprint recognition methods, which rely on preannotated feature matching, face inherent limitations due to the ever-evolving nature and diverse landscape of web applications. In response to these challenges, this work proposes an innovative web application fingerprint recognition method founded on clustering techniques. The method involves extensive data collection from the Tranco List, employing adjusted feature selection built upon Wappalyzer and noise reduction through truncated SVD dimensionality reduction. The core of the methodology lies in… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning and Tensor-Based Multiple Clustering Approaches for Cyber-Physical-Social Applications

    Hongjun Zhang1,2, Hao Zhang2, Yu Lei3, Hao Ye1, Peng Li1,*, Desheng Shi1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4109-4128, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048355

    Abstract The study delves into the expanding role of network platforms in our daily lives, encompassing various mediums like blogs, forums, online chats, and prominent social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. While these platforms offer avenues for self-expression and community support, they concurrently harbor negative impacts, fostering antisocial behaviors like phishing, impersonation, hate speech, cyberbullying, cyberstalking, cyberterrorism, fake news propagation, spamming, and fraud. Notably, individuals also leverage these platforms to connect with authorities and seek aid during disasters. The overarching objective of this research is to address the dual nature of network platforms by proposing innovative methodologies aimed… More >

  • Open Access


    Falcon Optimization Algorithm-Based Energy Efficient Communication Protocol for Cluster-Based Vehicular Networks

    Youseef Alotaibi1, B. Rajasekar2, R. Jayalakshmi3, Surendran Rajendran4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4243-4262, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047608

    Abstract Rapid development in Information Technology (IT) has allowed several novel application regions like large outdoor vehicular networks for Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) transmission. Vehicular networks give a safe and more effective driving experience by presenting time-sensitive and location-aware data. The communication occurs directly between V2V and Base Station (BS) units such as the Road Side Unit (RSU), named as a Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I). However, the frequent topology alterations in VANETs generate several problems with data transmission as the vehicle velocity differs with time. Therefore, the scheme of an effectual routing protocol for reliable and stable communications is significant. Current research demonstrates… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel 6G Scalable Blockchain Clustering-Based Computer Vision Character Detection for Mobile Images

    Yuejie Li1,2,*, Shijun Li3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3041-3070, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045741

    Abstract 6G is envisioned as the next generation of wireless communication technology, promising unprecedented data speeds, ultra-low Latency, and ubiquitous Connectivity. In tandem with these advancements, blockchain technology is leveraged to enhance computer vision applications’ security, trustworthiness, and transparency. With the widespread use of mobile devices equipped with cameras, the ability to capture and recognize Chinese characters in natural scenes has become increasingly important. Blockchain can facilitate privacy-preserving mechanisms in applications where privacy is paramount, such as facial recognition or personal healthcare monitoring. Users can control their visual data and grant or revoke access as needed. Recognizing Chinese characters from images… More >

  • Open Access


    A Health State Prediction Model Based on Belief Rule Base and LSTM for Complex Systems

    Yu Zhao, Zhijie Zhou*, Hongdong Fan, Xiaoxia Han, Jie Wang, Manlin Chen

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.1, pp. 73-91, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.042285

    Abstract In industrial production and engineering operations, the health state of complex systems is critical, and predicting it can ensure normal operation. Complex systems have many monitoring indicators, complex coupling structures, non-linear and time-varying characteristics, so it is a challenge to establish a reliable prediction model. The belief rule base (BRB) can fuse observed data and expert knowledge to establish a nonlinear relationship between input and output and has well modeling capabilities. Since each indicator of the complex system can reflect the health state to some extent, the BRB is built based on the causal relationship between system indicators and the… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study of the Effect of Water Salinity on the Parameters of an Equilibrium Droplet Cluster Levitating over a Water Layer

    Alexander A. Fedorets1, Eduard E. Kolmakov1, Leonid A. Dombrovsky1,2,3,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 1-14, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.049335

    Abstract New experimental results, which are important for the potential use of small levitating droplets as biochemical microreactors, are reported. It is shown that the combination of infrared heating and reduced evaporation of saline water under the droplet cluster is sufficient to produce equilibrium saltwater droplets over a wide temperature range. The resulting universal dependence of droplet size on temperature simplifies the choice of optimal conditions for generating stable droplet clusters with droplets of the desired size. A physical analysis of the experimental results on the equilibrium size of saltwater droplets makes it possible to separate the effects related to the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Experimental Study of the Effect of Water Salinity on the Parameters of an Equilibrium Droplet Cluster Levitating over a Water Layer

  • Open Access


    Classification and clustering of buildings for understanding urban dynamics

    A framework for processing spatiotemporal data

    Perez Joan1, Fusco Giovanni1, Sadahiro Yukio2

    Revue Internationale de Géomatique, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 303-327, 2022, DOI:10.3166/RIG.31.303-327© 2022

    Abstract This paper presents different methods implemented with the aim of studying urban dynamics at the building level. Building types are identified within a comprehensive vector-based building inventory, spanning over at least two time points. First, basic morphometric indicators are computed for each building: area, floor-area, number of neighbors, elongation, and convexity. Based on the availability of expert knowledge, different types of classification and clustering are performed: supervised tree-like classificatory model, expert-constrained k-means and combined SOM-HCA. A grid is superimposed on the test region of Osaka (Japan) and the number of building types per cell and for each period is computed,… More >

  • Open Access


    Clustering building morphometrics using national spatial data

    Alessandro Araldi1, David Emsellem2, Giovanni Fusco1, Andrea Tettamanzi3, Denis Overal2

    Revue Internationale de Géomatique, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 265-302, 2022, DOI:10.3166/RIG.31.265-302© 2022

    Abstract The identification and description of building typologies play a fundamental role in the understanding of the overall built-up form. A growing body of research is developing and implementing sophisticated, computer-aided protocols for the identification of building typologies. This paper shares the same goal. An innovative data-driven procedure for the unsupervised identification and description of building types and organization is here presented. After a specific pre-processing procedure, we develop an unsupervised clustering combining a new algorithm of Naive Bayes inference and hierarchical ascendant approaches relying on six morphometric features of buildings. This protocol allows us to identify groups of buildings sharing… More >

  • Open Access


    Maximum Correntropy Criterion-Based UKF for Loosely Coupling INS and UWB in Indoor Localization

    Yan Wang*, You Lu, Yuqing Zhou, Zhijian Zhao

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2673-2703, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046743

    Abstract Indoor positioning is a key technology in today’s intelligent environments, and it plays a crucial role in many application areas. This paper proposed an unscented Kalman filter (UKF) based on the maximum correntropy criterion (MCC) instead of the minimum mean square error criterion (MMSE). This innovative approach is applied to the loose coupling of the Inertial Navigation System (INS) and Ultra-Wideband (UWB). By introducing the maximum correntropy criterion, the MCCUKF algorithm dynamically adjusts the covariance matrices of the system noise and the measurement noise, thus enhancing its adaptability to diverse environmental localization requirements. Particularly in the presence of non-Gaussian noise,… More >

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